Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/159

Click to flip

159 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abate
to lessen in intensity or degree
aberrant
deviating from the norm
abscond
to depart clandestinely; to steal off and hide
accolade
an expression of praise
acerbic
having a sour or bitter taste or character
acumen
quick, keen, or accurate knowledge or insight
adulation
excessive praise; intense adoration
adulterate
to reduce purity by combining with inferior ingredients
aesthetic
dealing with, appreciative of, or responsive to art or the beautiful
aggrandize
to increase in intensity, power, or prestige
alacrity
eager and enthusiastic willingness
alchemy
a medieval science aimed at the transmutation of metal, esp. base metals into gold
amalgamate
to combine several elements into a whole
ameliorate
to make better or more tolerable
amenable
agreeable; responsive to suggestion
anachronism
something or someone out of place in terms of historical or chronological context
anomaly
deviation from the norm order, form, or rule; abnormality
approbation
an expression of approval or praise
archaic
outdated; associated with an earlier, perhaps more primitive, time
arduous
strenuous, taxing, requiring significant effort
ascetic
one who practices rigid self-denial, esp. as an act of religious devotion
assuage
to ease or lessen; to appease or pacify
astringent
having a tightening effect on living tissue; harsh; severe
audacious
daring and fearless; recklessly bold
austere
without adornment; bare; severely simple; ascetic
avarice
greed, esp. for wealth
aver
to state as a fact; to confirm or support
axiom
a universally recognized principle, law
axiomatic
take as a given; possessing self-evident truth
bolster
to provide support or reinforcement
bombast
self-important or pompous writing or speech
bombastic
pompous; grandiloquent
bucolic
rustic and pastoral; characteristic of rural areas and their inhabitants
burgeon
to grow rapidly or flourish
cacophony
harsh, jarring, discordant sound; dissonance
canon
an established set of principles or code of laws, often religious in nature
canonical
following or in agreement with accepted, traditional standards
capricious
inclined to change one's mind impulsively; erratic; unpredictable
castigation
severe criticism or punishment
catalyst
a substance that accelerates the rate of a chemical reaction without itself changing
catalyst
a person or thing that causes change
caustic
burning or stinging; causing corrosion
censure
to criticize severely; to officially rebuke
chary
wary; cautious; sparing
chicanery
trickery or subterfuge
cogent
appealing forcibly to the mind or reason; convincing
complaisance
the willingness to comply with the wishes of others
connoisseur
an informed and astute judge in matters of taste; expert
contentious
argumentative; quarrelsome; causing controversy or disagreement
contiguous
sharing a border; touching adjacent
contrite
regretful; penitent; seeking forgiveness
convention
a generally agreed-upon practice or attitude
convoluted
complex or complicated
credulous
tending to believe too readily; gullible
culpable
deserving blame
cynicism
an attitude or quality of belief that all people are motivated by selfishness
dearth
smallness of quantity or number; scarcity; a lack
decorum
polite or appropriate conduct or behavior
demur
to question or oppose
derision
scorn, ridicule, contemptuous treatment
desiccate
to dry out or dehydrate; to make dry or dull
diatribe
a harsh denunciation
didactic
intended to teach or instruct
dilettante
one with an amateurish or superficial interest in the arts or a branch of knowledge
disabuse
to undeceive; to set right
discordant
conflicting; dissonant or harsh in sound
discretion
cautious reserve in speech; ability to make responsible decision
disinterested
indifferent; free from self-interest
disparage
to slight or belittle
disparate
fundamentally distinct or dissimilar
dissemble
to disguise or conceal; to mislead
divulge
to disclose something secret
dogmatic
stubbornly opinionated
ebullience
the quality of lively or enthusiastic expression of thoughts and feelings
eccentric
departing from norms or conventions
eclectic
composed of elements drawn from various sources
effrontery
extreme boldness; presumptuousness
elegy
a mournful poem, esp. one lamenting the dead
emollient
soothing, esp. to the skin; making less harsh; mollifying
empirical
based on observation or experiment
endemic
characteristic of or often found in a particular locality, region, or people
enervate
to weaken; to reduce in vitality
enigmatic
mysterious; obscure; difficult to understand
ennui
dissatisfaction and restlessness resulting from boredom or apathy
ephemeral
brief; fleeting
equivocate
to use ambiguous language with a deceptive intent
erudite
very learned; scholarly
esoteric
intended for or understood by a small, specific group
eulogy
a speech honoring the dead
evanescent
tending to disappear like vapor; vanishing
exacerbate
to make worse or more severe
exculpate
exonerate; to clear of blame
exigent
urgent; pressing; requiring immediate action or attention
exonerate
to remove blame
extemporaneous
improvised; done without preparation
facetious
playful; humorous
fallacy
an invalid or incorrect notion; a mistaken belief
fawn
to flatter or praise excessively
fervent
greatly emotional or zealous
filibuster
intentional obstruction, esp. using prolonged speechmaking to delay legislative action
flout
to demonstrate contempt for, as in a rule or convention
fortuitous
happening by fortunate accident or chance
fulminate
to loudly attack or denounce
furtive
marked by stealth; covert; surreptitious
garrulous
pointlessly talkative, talking too much
germane
relevant to the subject at hand; appropriate in subject matter
glib
marked by ease or informality; nonchalant; lacking in depth; superficial
grandiloquence
pompous speech or expression
gregarious
sociable; outgoing; enjoying the company of other people
hackneyed
rendered trite or commonplace by frequent usage
halcyon
calm and peaceful
harangue
to deliver a pompous speech or tirade
hedonism
devotion to pleasurable pursuits, esp. to the pleasures of the senses
hegemony
the consistent dominance of one state or ideology over others
heretical
violating accepted dogma or convention
hubris
arrogant presumption or pride
hyperbole
an exaggerated statement, often used as a figure of speech
iconoclast
one who attacks or undermines traditional conventions or institutions
idolatrous
given to intense or excessive devotion to something
imminent
about to happen; impending
immutable
not capable of change
impassive
revealing no emotion
impecunious
lacking funds; without money
imperturbable
marked by extreme calm, impassivity and steadiness
impetuous
hastily or rashly energetic; impulsive and vehement
implacable
not capable of being appeased or significantly changed
impunity
immunity from punishment or penalty
inchoate
in an initial stage; not fully formed
incipient
beginning to come into being or to become apparent
indifferent
having not interest or concern; showing no bias or prejudice
inert
unmoving; lethargic; sluggish
infelicitous
unfortunate; inappropriate
ingenuous
artless; frank and candid; lacking in sophistication
inimical
damaging; harmful; injurious
innocuous
harmless; causing no damage
insipid
without taste or flavor; lacking in spirit; bland
intractable
not easily managed or directed; stubborn; obstinate
intransigent
refusing to compromise
intrepid
steadfast and courageous
inured
accustomed to accepting something undesirable
inveigle
to obtain by deception or flattery
irascible
easily angered; prone to temperamental outbursts
laconic
using few words; terse
laud
to praise highly
loquacious
extremely talkative
lucid
clear, easily understood
luminous
characterized by brightness and the emission of light
magnanimity
the quality of being generously noble in mind and heart, esp. in forgiving
malevolent
having or showing often vicious ill-will, spite, or hatred
malleable
capable of being shaped or formed; tractable; pliable
maverick
an independent individual who does not go along with a group or party
mendacity
the condition of being untruthful; dishonesty
mercurial
characterized by rapid and unpredictable change in mood
meticulous
characterized by extreme care and precision; attentive to detail
misanthrope
one who hates all other humans
mitigate
to make or become less severe or intense; to moderate
mollify
to calm or soothe; to reduce in emotional intensity
morose
sad; sullen; melancholy
mundane
of the world; typical of or concerned with the ordinary