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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
1. Scientific Method
questioning & experimentation
2. Scientific Revolution
Transformation in thinking that occurred during the 1500 & 1600’s as a result of this new system of investigation
3. Modern Rationalism
System of thought based on belief that reason is chief source of knowledge
4. Enlightenment
Period of time during which philosophers believed they could apply the scientific method, natural law, and use reason to logically explain human nature
5. Philosophe
intellectuals of the Enlightenment
6. Salons
gatherings of social, political, & cultural elite in the homes of the upper class in which people met to discuss issues of the day
7. Social Sciences
“science of man”
8. Encyclopedia
28 volume collection of articles of the leading philosophes of the time
9. Laissez-faire
“natural law” that says the state should leave economy alone
10. Baroque
stressed grandeur, power & movement
11. Rococo
emphasized grace, charm, & gentle action; fondness for curves
12. Heliocentric Theory
earth revolves around the sun
13. Mary Wollstonecraft
Founder of the modern feminism (movement for women’s rights)
14. Johann Sebastian Bach
Composed Baroque style Music
15. Montiesquieu
Most famous work was “Spirit of the Law” (1748); Tried to apply the scientific method to the social & political arena to find the “natural laws” that governed the social and political relationships of human beings
16. Diderot
Most famous contribution was the Encyclopedia
17. Voltaire
Most known for criticism of Christianity & strong belief in religious toleration
18. Francis Bacon
An English philosopher who developed the scientific method.
19. Copernicus
Astronomer who came up with heliocentric theory (earth revolves around the sun)
20. Kepler
Was a scientist who Proved geocentric theory through math
21. Galileo
Mathematician who Made many discoveries using telescope that Proved the Earth rotated on it’s axis
22. Isaac Newton
Considered one of greatest scientists of the Scientific Revolution, and Established the universal law of gravitation
23. Andreas Vesalius
Pioneered the study of modern anatomy
24. Antoine Lavoisier
Invented the periodic table, and was the Founder of modern chemistry
25. Rene Descartes
His philosophies became dominant philosophy during this time period This philosophy guided most people in science
26. Adam Smith
Wrote “Wealth of Nations”, and Contained ideas of free enterprise system
27. George Frederick Handel
Composed Baroque style Music
28. Franz Joseph Hayden
Composed Clasical style Music