Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/69

Click to flip

69 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
how many missions were there in california
21
wut did GTT stand for
Gone To Texas
spanish colonist in California
cALIFornios
wut was the purpose of a mission?
-center of colonial society
-grew food and stuff and old it
-taught indians christainity
wut was the oldest province in New Spain?
New Mexico
Why didnt Texas missions succeed?
isolated and indian resistence
9,000 spanish settlers who intorduced new breeds of cattle and soon developed a cattle-ranching society on the vast texas grasslands
Tejanos
who was Interbide?
made himself emperor of mexico but lacked political support. Was taken out of power after 2.5 years, becuase the new congress made the mexican constituation.
What current states made upthe mexican republic?
-Arizona
-California
-New Mexico
-Nevada
-Texas
-Utah
(parts of...)
-Colorado
-Kansas
-Oklahoma
-Wyoming
What happened to the missions in california?
mexican gov't thought the mission system was too powerful. Officials ended the mission system and gave mission lands to Californios
who was moses austin?
one of the first empresarios to bring settlers to Texas. he died before he could bring anyone over tho
what were empresarios?
agents contracted by mexico to bring settlers to Texas. in exchange they recieved a large amount of land
who was Stephen Austin?
took charge of fathers expedition. Selected a colony site on lower colorado river. first brought 300 families. tried to keep the peace peace between the mexican gov't
wut was the first 300 settlers in texas called?
old three hundred
What were the requirments for Americans in mexico?
-become mexican citizens
-obey mexican laws
-become a roman catholic
what happened in Texas w/ the Amercians
americans didnt follow mexican laws, they wanted the mexican gov't to be more central. (mexico restricted american immagration.
-became the new mexican leader in 1833
-suspended the constitution
general Antonio de Santa Anna
where was the first battle of the Texas Revolution?
town of Gonzales in Ocotber 1835
what was the Alamo?
-mexico launched an attack on o n march 6, 1836
-mexico won
who were the defenders at the alamo
-william travis
-jim bowie
-davy crockett
-juan Seguin
-mexican forces attacked the texas troops at town of goliad.
-texas commander , James Fannin surrendered
battle of Goliad
who did texas their constitution after?
united states
commander in cheif of newly formed texas army.
retreated from mexico
sam houston
April 21, 1836, houstons forces attacked mexican camp. sanat anna's troops were driven back into the wood. Jaun Seguin helped block them. Texas won.
Battle of san Jacinto
wut was the capital of Texas?
Houston
why did texans want texas annexed by US?
because andrew jackson had previously supported efforts to buy texas from mexico. Texas would also eventually become a US state.
what was the problem presemted by US?
jackson, was concerned that adding Texas as a slave state would upset the balance between free states and slave states.
wut were problems that texas faced as an independent country?
econmic, military, and social issues
what was the difference regarding indians in texas from houston to marabeau Lamar?
Houston grew up with indians, so he was peaceful to them.
Lamar however demanded that all the indians leave thier homelands and follow all Texas law, or face military action.
to take controll of
annex
non-indians who traveled to the rocky mountains and the pacific Northwest were fur traders and trappers hired by eastern companies.
mountain men
owned one of the biggest businesses that bought furs."american fur company"
john jacob Astor
once a year the mountain men met to trade and socialize in an event known as...
rendezvous
wut countries claimed oregon country?
-Spain
-Russia
-Britain
-US
what were the provisions of the adams-onis Treaty?
left US, Britain, and American indians as remaining rivals.
went to the pacific northwest to convert indians to christianity. established a mission called waiilatpu. killed by indians
the whitmans
how many miles was the oregon trail?
2,ooo miles
challenges on the oregon trail?
-shortages of food, water, and supplies
-rough weather and natural barriers
-got lost
southern branch (seirra nevada trail) tried to aviod first snows in sierra nevada to get through mountain range.
California trail
1839, Swiss immigrant john sutter recieved permission to start a colony near sacramento river
Sutter's Fort
did mexican gov't want people settling in california?
no
ra nfrom independence missouri, to santa fe, new mexico
santa fe trail
another name for el camino real
King's Road
non-indians who traveled to the rocky mountains and the pacific Northwest were fur traders and trappers hired by eastern companies.
mountain men
owned one of the biggest businesses that bought furs."american fur company"
john jacob Astor
once a year the mountain men met to trade and socialize in an event known as...
rendezvous
wut countries claimed oregon country?
-Spain
-Russia
-Britain
-US
what were the provisions of the adams-onis Treaty?
left US, Britain, and American indians as remaining rivals.
went to the pacific northwest to convert indians to christianity. established a mission called waiilatpu. killed by indians
the whitmans
how many miles was the oregon trail?
2,ooo miles
challenges on the oregon trail?
-shortages of food, water, and supplies
-rough weather and natural barriers
-got lost
southern branch (seirra nevada trail) tried to aviod first snows in sierra nevada to get through mountain range.
California trail
1839, Swiss immigrant john sutter recieved permission to start a colony near sacramento river
Sutter's Fort
did mexican gov't want people settling in california?
no
ra nfrom independence missouri, to santa fe, new mexico
santa fe trail
another name for el camino real
King's Road
non-indians who traveled to the rocky mountains and the pacific Northwest were fur traders and trappers hired by eastern companies.
mountain men
owned one of the biggest businesses that bought furs."american fur company"
john jacob Astor
once a year the mountain men met to trade and socialize in an event known as...
rendezvous
wut countries claimed oregon country?
-Spain
-Russia
-Britain
-US
what were the provisions of the adams-onis Treaty?
left US, Britain, and American indians as remaining rivals.
went to the pacific northwest to convert indians to christianity. established a mission called waiilatpu. killed by indians
the whitmans
how many miles was the oregon trail?
2,ooo miles
challenges on the oregon trail?
-shortages of food, water, and supplies
-rough weather and natural barriers
-got lost
southern branch (seirra nevada trail) tried to aviod first snows in sierra nevada to get through mountain range.
California trail
1839, Swiss immigrant john sutter recieved permission to start a colony near sacramento river
Sutter's Fort
did mexican gov't want people settling in california?
no
ra nfrom independence missouri, to santa fe, new mexico
santa fe trail
another name for el camino real
King's Road