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129 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
anthropology
study of prehistory
archeology
study of people and cultures
Persian Wars
Persia vs. Greece; Greece won, became dominant in that part ofthe world
Direct democracy
everyone participated directly in the governement
Philosopher
study concpets, ideas, and explains life through those
Socrates
asked them questions intsead of him telling them, because they can self explore and find answer for themselves
Plato
wrote book called Republic
Aristotle
most gifted of all philosophers, writer, scientist; tudor of Alexander the Great
Parthanon
temple for Athena
Herodotus
he was "Father of history"; first to record history
Alexander the Great
brilliant military stratigist; blending of Greek and Persian culture; died of illness at 32
assimilate
cultures blended together
Hippocrates
theory that sickness isn't a punishment; actually comes from germs; created hippocratic oath menaing fair to every patient
Etruscans
in charge of Rome until 509 b.c.; then became Republic Plebians and Partricians were two groups
Veto
to forbid, block laws
dictator
someone that takes over by force; individual ruler
triumvirate
three man rule-Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey members of first
imperialism
practice of estalishing control over foreign lands and people
ladafundia
big estates in which many slaves worked
Julius Caesar
ambitious military commander; killed on ides of March; Roman dictator, very powerful
Augustus
grand nephew of JC means exaulted one, started Poxromana
Poxromana
Roman peace, order and proxerity, economy was strong
Paul
spread Christianity
Constantine
moved captiol of Roman Empire to Byzantium and renemaed it Cnstantinople
heresy
un-true teachings about the church
Augustine
combine Christian doctrines
Clovis
Christianity spread through him
Charles Martel
leader of Franks; lead Battle of Tours against Muslim
Battle of Tours
against Muslims, important because islam would have spread through western Europe
Charlemenge
he was light of the Dark Ages, united everybody; crowned Dec. 25, 800 and his name means Charles the Great
wanted to educate everyone; Micci Domonicci
Vikings
invaded
Feudalism
s system of government, involved lords, vassles, in a period of time when there was no central government
chilvary
code of conduct, treat woman and children, system of manors
Secular
having to do with worldy matters, nonreligious
papal supremecy
claim of medieval popes that they had authority over all secular rulers
excommunication
exclusion from the Roman Catholic Church as a penalty for refusing to obey Chruch law
interdict
excommunication of an entire group or town
friar
a medevial eurpoean munk who travaled from place to place preaching to the poor
charter
written document that set out the rights and privlages of a town
capital
money invested in business
guild
association of merchants or artisans who coperrated to uphold standards of trade and protect their economic intrest
apprentice
young person learning trade from a master
journeyman
a salaried worker employed by a guild master
medieval
refering to the Middle Ages in Europe, time between ancient and modern times
franks
a germanic group that conquered present day France and surrounding lands
Magyars
ethnic group centered in present day Hungary
Feudalism
system of givernement in which local lords governed their own lands but owed military service and other support to a greater lord
feudal contract
an exchange of pledges
vassel
a lord was granted one land in exchange for service and loyalty to a greater lord
manor
a lord's estate which included one or more villages and the surrounding lands
fief
an estate granted by alord to a vassel in exchange for service
serf
a peasant bound to the lord's land
tournamnet
a mock battle in which knights would compete against one another to display their fighting skills
William the Conqueror
became king of England on Christmas day, 1066
common law
legal system based on custom and court rulings
jury
legal group of people sworn to make a desicion in a legal case
King John
son of Henery II, clever, cruel, and untrustworthy leader ruler of England
Magna Carta
Great Chrater by King John; limited royal power and established certain rights for english freeman
habeas corpus
principal that a person cannot be held in prison without first being charged with a specific crime
Parliament
the legislature of England and later of Great Britain
Holy Roman Empire
empire of west central Europe from 962 to 1806 comprising present-day Germany and neighboring lands
lay investures
appontment of bishops by anyone who is not a member of the clergy
Crusades
a series of wars from the 1000s through 1200s in which Europe Christians tried to win control of the Holy Land from Muslims
Holy Land
Jerusalem and other placesin Palestine where Christians believed Jesus lived
Reconqusita
during the 1400's, the campaign by European Christians to drive the Muslims from present day Spain
Inqusttion
a church court to try people accused of heresey
scholasticism
the school of thought that used logic and reason to support Christian belief
vernacular
everyday language of ordinary people
gothic style
type of European architecture developed in middle ages
flying butresses
stone supports on the outside of the building-allowed higher buildings
illumination
artistic decoration of books and manuscripts
epidemic
outbreak of rapidly spreading disease
Black Death
an epidemic of the bubonic plauge that ravaged Europe in 1300s
schism
permanent division of the church
Justinians Code
collection of laws by Justinian and served as a model for the Catholic church
Great Schism
oficial schism of the roman catolic church and Byzantine churches that occur in 1054
What was the significance of Hammurabi's code?
TBA:
What do you think are the most important things we've learned from the Greeks?
TBA:
How did both Greece and Rome benefit from their geographic location?
TBA:
What positive and negative lessons did we learn from the Romans?
TBA:
How did people manage to survive without a strong central governement to help them?
TBA:
How was the Cathollic Church so significant in the Middle Ages?
TBA:
(early Middle Ages) How did peoples' ideas change about their safety and their need for others?
TBA:
How did the church contribute to those feelings?
TBA:
What were some high and low points of the Late Middle Ages?
TBA:
What were some high points of the Byzantine Empire in arts and learning?
TBA:
mary and louis leakey
anthropologist that started searching for clues to the human past in a deep canyon in Tanzania called Olduvai Gorge
david johansson
anthropologist who found additional eveidance of early hominids in 1974
Siddahartha Gautama
reformer?, his teachings had spread into asia to become the core belifs of Budhism
Confucious
philosopher who spread education to the rich and poor
Augustus
Roman senate declared him ruler of Rome, builllt stable government and allowed cities to have self governement
Constatine
ended the persecution of Christians by issuing the edict of mulan which granted freedom of worship to all citizens of the Roman Empire
Clovis
franksih ruler who intorduced Christianity to the people
vikings
scandanavian people whose sailors raided Europe from the 700s through 1100s
Charles Martel
king of the Franks. He was also known as the only light in the Dark Ages
Charlemenge
set up Micci Dominicci himself, strong belief in education, so sent Alcuin. His son Louis took over and after divided the empire
Clovis
king of franks; introduced CHristianity
Benedict
founds monatstary and draws up rules for munks and nuns
Justinian
rules Byzantine empire
Mohmammad
muslim prophet, begins religion of Islam
Charles Martel
defeats Muslims at Battle of Tours allowing CHristianity to continue in Western Europe
Charlemagne
crowned by Pope Leo III and begins to unite much of Western Europe
William the Conquerer
completes the Norman invasion of England
Pope Urban II
calls for Crusades
King John
signs Magna Carta
Pope Innocent III
tries to stop heresy
Clovis
king of franks; introduced CHristianity
Benedict
founds monatstary and draws up rules for munks and nuns
Justinian
rules Byzantine empire
Mohmammad
muslim prophet, begins religion of Islam
Charles Martel
defeats Muslims at Battle of Tours allowing CHristianity to continue in Western Europe
Charlemagne
crowned by Pope Leo III and begins to unite much of Western Europe
William the Conquerer
completes the Norman invasion of England
Pope Urban II
calls for Crusades
King John
signs Magna Carta
Pope Innocent III
tries to stop heresy
Francis of Assisi
spread loyalty to Church Universities and spread throughout Europe
Abraham
Father if Jewish people; Arabs trace faith back to him
Mary and Louis Leaky
found place where archeologists could excabate
Neolithic Revolution
change to settling down, instead of nomadic life
Sparta
boys began training at age 7 for the war, military strength was important
Dante
wrote Divine Comedy
Chaucer
wrote Cantrobary Tales
Abraham
Father if Jewish people; Arabs trace faith back to him
Mary and Louis Leaky
found place where archeologists could excabate
Neolithic Revolution
change to settling down, instead of nomadic life
Sparta
boys began training at age 7 for the war, military strength was important
Dante
wrote Divine Comedy
Chaucer
wrote Cantrobary Tales