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33 Cards in this Set

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Universal Male Suffrage
This allowed all white males to vote, regardless of religion or land ownership.
Party Nominating Conventions
All voters were allowed to attend these and determine who would run for an office.
King Caucus
The old method for nominations. They were closed-door, and you had to be important to be considered.
Anti-Masonic Party
This third-party addressed minority concerns over why so many presidents were members of a certain secret society.
Workingmen's Party
This third-party addressed the concerns of the middle-class worker.
John Quincy Adams
He won the electoral college vote but not the popular vote in the election of 1824.
Henry Clay
He convinced the House of Representatives to vote for Adams, and was Adams' Secretary of State.
Corrupt Bargain
The name among Jackson supporters for the political maneuvers that helped make John Adams the president.
Tariff of Abominations
This tariff helped northern merchants at the expense of the south.
Andrew Jackson
Won the election of 1828 because of his large campaign and effective use of smear tactics.
Revolution of 1828
Describes the rise in power of Andrew Jackson and the Jacksonian era.
Spoils System
The practice by the president of appointing loyal party members, and firing those who are not.
Rotation in Office
Limited how long appointees could remain in office, letting Jackson reward as many supporters as possible.
Peggy Eaton Affair
In this scandal, Jackson tried to force his cabinet to stop targeting the wife of his Secretary of War.
Indian Removal Act
This act tried to make Native Americans move west of the Mississippi.
Cherokee Nation V. Georgia
The Cherokee nation challenged their removal. It was ruled that they were not a nation and could not sue.
Worcester V. Georgia
A Cherokee individual sued Georgia and the Court decided that the laws of Georgia did not apply to the Cherokees.
Trail of Tears
Several rebel Cherokee signed a sham treaty. They were forced to move, and one-third of the Cherokees died on this trip.
States' Rights
The right of a state to make its own laws.
Nullification Crisis
South Carolina refused to pay its tariffs. Jackson threatened them, but eventually compromised.
Webster-Hayne Debate
The debate over Nullification. Jackson sided with Webster, because he believed in the preservation of the union.
Proclamation to the People of South Carolina
This warned South Carolina that disunion and nullification were treason and would be punished accordingly.
Bank of the United States
Jackson destroyed this bank by moving all of the federal funds to other banks.
Nicholas Biddle
He ran the Bank of the United States
Two-Party System
Parties had to be larger and more organized. This led to two parties that campaigned against each other.
Democrats
This party favored local rule and states's rights, and opposed monopolies.
Whigs
They were the party of the elite. They were in favor of Clay's American System.
Roger Taney
He assisted Jackson in moving federal funds.
Pet Banks
The democrat-controlled banks that received federal funds removed from the Bank of the United States.
Specie Circular
This required that all future purchases of government land must be made in gold and silver, rather than banknotes.
Panic of 1837
The result of a huge inflation and the falling of land prices and the value of currency.
Martin van Buren
Jackson's vice president. He won the election of 1836.
Log Cabin and Hard Cider Campaign
The campaign of William Harrison, who built log cabins and gave out hard cider to emphasize his humble origins.