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14 Cards in this Set

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Sher Shah Suri's rule
1540-1545 AD
Source of Sher Shah Suri's life
Taraq-i-Shershahi by Abbas Sherwani.
Where was Shaer Shah born?
In Jaunpur (modern UP).
How did he attain the title Sher Khan.
On killing a tiger while hunting.
When was he given the title Sher Shah.
After his victory over Humayun in the Battle of Chausa in 1539 AD.
Sher Shah's kingdom.
Jhelum to Bramhaputra and Himalayas to Narmada.
Died on
1545 AD in an explosion.
Sher Shah's administration.
Empire divided into Provinces.

Provinces divided into parganas.
Sher Shah's army.
Large standing Army.

Disciplined and trained cavalry, infantry and artillery.

Tried to remove corruption among the army officials and nobles.

Nobles were expected to keep required number of soldiers and pay them well.

Continued branding of horses and even cattle.

Respected the cultivators of enemy territory and warned soldiers not to harm crops.
Sher Shah's revenue system
Land was surveyed and measured.

Average produce was calculated based on fertility.

One-third of this was paid as tax in cash or kind.

Land was divided into good, bad and middling.

Lenient assessment but strict collection.

Taxes were reduced and loans were granted.

Introduced a new coin called ripia.
Sher Shah's qualities
Impartial ruler.

Religious tolerance.

Gave large amounts of charity to both Hindus and Muslims.
Source
Coins and Purana Quila at Delhi
Roads and Sarais
At a distance of 2 kos on every road he made a sarai.


Provisions were made for water, beds, food and grains for horses.

Every sarai had 2 horses to carry news.


Villages built around the sarais.

Fruit-bearing trees on both sides of hiighways.

Built an excellent network of roads.

Built the Grand Trunk Road connecting Sonargaon in Bengal to Peshwar in the North-west

To protect roads and sars from thieves and robbers the chief of the village had to pay compensation and produce the culprit or point out their places of hiding.
Trade and commerce
Merchants were to be treated well in every way

New meights and measures were introduced.

Roads were exteremely safe