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52 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Berlin Airlift
Kept the W. Berlin population from capitulating (surrendering) to the Soviets, transported supplies in planes to the Western zone of Berlin
Truman Doctrine
Promised American military and economic aid where needed
Marshall Plan
1948, an ambitious program, US provided over $13 billion in grants and credits to reconstruct Europe, Truman's secretary of state: George C. Marshall
American's nuclear powered submarine
What was the balance of power, in Europe, during World War II, and how did it change when the war ended?
During the war there was a balance of power, but afterwards the country was left in ruins. During WWII, Italy and Germany were very powerful. After the war, Germany lost its power.
How did United States prove themselves a world power, and even THE world power, after WWII?
Europe's tilt towards Communism scared U.S. policymakers, so President Truman advocated a policy of containing Soviet Communism. They started the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan which showed their ability to give money. The Berlin airlift, bombing of Japan.
What countries went from being foe (during WWII) to friend rather quickly during the beginning of the Cold War? Why?
Stalin went from being America's ally to enemy and the U.S. were no longer Germany's foe, and same with Germany. U.S. gave money because Germany and Japan were in stratigic positions.
Who were the major players in the Korean war?
Soviet Union - sent troops from North Korea to invade the U.S.-backed South Korea, set off the war.
UN Security Council - declared North Korea the aggressor and sent troops to restore peace.
Communist Chinese - Stalin's allies, rushed to rescue Communist regime in North Korea
North Korea
South Korea
What were the outcomes of the Korean war?
In July 1953, an armistice divided the country at roughly the same spot at the start of the war. Many deaths of Americans, Chinese, and Koreans had occured. The war energized America's anti-community commitments.
How do we still see the effects of the Korean War today?
The country is still divided into North (communist) and South Korea
European Jews wanted to move to Palestine (holy land), justified by saying there were not Palestinians there
Theodore Herzl
Zionist scholar, Hungarian-born, who helped the Zionist cause
Balfour Declaration
1917, British made land for Jews within Palestine for the Jews to move back to, the tension between Jews and Palestinians start.
King Faruq
Overthrown, ruler in Egypt who was corrupt, supported by British who had troops throughout Egypt
Gamal Abdel Nasser
Egypt, Leader of the Free Officers Movement, endeared to the people because he gave them land, wanted to take control of company controling the Suez canal (goes to Africa)
Free Officers Movement
Egypt, one of the three factions who wanted the British out, overthrows Faruq, take power, work to lisband Communist movement and Muslim brotherhood, took land away from aristocracy and redistributes it to people
Revolutionary Command Council
Parliment that Nasser sets up to govern Egypt once he has taken power.
Why would the British be so intent on protecting their stake in the Suez Canal?
Because it was a key trade route for the British and would have to go around Africa otherwise, Egyptians won
French settlers in Algeria, people who controled Algeria despite not being natives
Arabs & Berbers
Natives to Algeria, Berbers go back as far as documentation goes ancient people who lived across Africa
Notional Liberation Front, Berbers/Muslims/Arabs who wanted French out of their country (Algeria), to free them from the French
Revolt of 1954
French vs native Algerians, 300 000 dead, native Algerians win, vast majority of French leave
Charles de Gualle
French president in France who extended Algeria their liberty after the revolts
Nelson Mandela
One of the leaders of the ANC, South African, campaigned for an end to discrimanatory legislation and was harassed and tried by the government on many occasions, urged peaceful resistance
African National Congress, opposed the apartheid regime with violence, was banned by the goverment
an extreme form of racial segregation
Pass Laws
Prohibited Africans from traveling outside their homelands without special work or travel passes
Why did Europeans keep such strict, segregated order over the natives of South Africa?
Pass laws prevented African natives from organizing and revolting. They saw S. Africa as a barrier against the spread of communism in Africa.
French Colonists in Vietnam
French came in to conlonize and make money off of the land, took land from locals, were outnumbered
Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese intellectual, took lead in imagining a new Vietnamese nation-state (without French colonial rule), reads works of Marx (communist)
Viet Cong
a liberation force in Vietnam, Communist-lead, became a powerful nationalist organization as it mobilized the peasantry
Why did the US enter Vietname?
to stop the spread of communism
Chinese Nationalists
In control of China at the start of the 1930s when the Japenses invaded
Mao Zedong
Leader of the Chinese Communist party
The Long March
In 1934, Chinese Communists marched west for 6000 miles, started with 80 000 people and ended up with 10 000
Who invaded China quickly after the long march?
How did the Japanese invasion aid the Chinese Communists?
Gives them a chance to regroup
What did Chinese Communists offer the people to gain support?
Recruit in rural communities around China, health care, women's rights in marriage, had organized governing
Communists vs. Nationalists in China - who did the USA support?
Chinese Nationalists fled south to set up their own state backed by the US
Jawaharlal Nehru
one of the leaders of the Indian people, wanted modernization and industrialization following the country's freedom
Indian leader, did not want modernization, wanted self-governing villages, when there was violence between Hindus and Muslims he went on a hunger strike, was shot on his way to prayer by a Hindu zealot
What two religious groups made up the vast majority of India's population following WWII?
Hindus and Muslims
British and Indian leaders broke the subcontinent down into what TWO countries?
India and Pakistan
What did Indian and British leaders hope to do by creating two countries?
Hoped to create two countries for all one religion, Muslims & Hindus
Why was there mass violence following the independence of India and Pakistan?
There were still minorities (Muslims or Hindus) in each country
How did Nehru decide India should progress upon gaining independence?
modernization, industrialiation
Leopold Sedar Senghor
President of Senegal, poet, Negritude
Longing for their homeland, African pride
a group of people with the same belief, ethnicity, cultural practices. EX Hindus or Muslims
official borders recognized by other countries in the world
a nation living within boundries recognized by other countries, both a nation and a state