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13 Cards in this Set

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Queen Brunhilda
d. 613
thought that King Chilperic of Neustria strangled her sister Galwintha so that he could marry Fredegunda. Both kings died, leading to the civil wars between the queen's of the Eastern and Western kingdoms. This displays the power of Merovingian women in the 6th century. Brunhilda united Burgundy and the Eastern Frankish kingdom.
Civitas
the city and surrounding territory that was the basis for the Merovingian government in the 6th and 7th centuries.
Comites or Count
Counts that ruled and directed the civitas. He collected royal income, heard lawsuits, enforced justice, educated the troops and relayed information between the king and the local people.
Capitularies
Governmental orders that were divided into capitula, chapters, that attempted to set laws during the 6th and 7th centuries. They portray the Merovingian kings attempting to regain order after the civil wars
Mayor of the Palace
ruled in the absence of the king
the second most important person in the kingdom
Charles Martel
fought the Battle of Poitier in 732 that halted Muslim expansion
Boniface
the most important English missionary during the mid 8th century. he annoited Pippin III at Soissons, giving Pippin III the title king instead of mayor and began an important alliance between the papacy and Frankish rulers
Pope Zacharias
The Pope that ordered Pippin III to be made king, starting an important alliance between the papacy and Frankish rulers
How do Clovis consolidate his power as king of the Franks?
three major advancements: 1. many military victories over other Germanic tribes. 2. Gained the wealthy Roman Gaul with the ruling bodies intact. 3. Aquired support based on religion by gaining the support of the Roman popes and bishops of Gaul and by associating himself with the cult of Saint Denis. He also chose Paris as capital
What caused the civil wars following Clovis's death?
there was no true heir to the throne; any male Merovingian could claim power if he proved he was worthy on the battlefield. Also the need for new land leads to conflict; any Merovingian prince who promised land, won support. Armies craved plunder
By what means did the Merovingians rule?
civitas, comities, dux or duke (military leader who controlled a group of civitas and commanded the troops), capitularies, mayor of the palace, aristocracy (king consulted the aristocracy on issues)
How did the Carolingians become dominant in the Frankish kingdom?
they gained power in the 8th century when Pipin I was give the title mayor of the palace. They also gained power with marriages that gave the Carolingians estates and influence in the Frankish world.
What significance has been attached to the "imperial coronation" of Charlemagne?
In the fall of 800, Charlemagne when to Rome to restore order because Pope Leo had been injured. In Rome, Leo gave Charlemagne the imperial title (Emperor Augustus). Charlemagne was displeased because it showed that the Pope had more power than him according to Einhard. Later, German rulers were eager to gain the title to associate themselves with the deeds of Charlemagne.