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67 Cards in this Set

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Monroe doctrine
born in 1823 featured 1. nonclolonization 2. nonintervention...to russians-->colonization in US ended and that hunting season was permanently closed. warning against foreign intervention. crowned head of euro to keep hated monarchial systems out of this Hem. (pertains only to future expansion)
impact of the west
****
marbury v. madison and "judicial review"
constitutionality of law be determined by state
john marshall
chief justice in US hist. ...he got rulings and gave power to central gov.
war hawks
young congression from south and west demanded to challenge british
plot on canada
feeling from war hawks that we should take over canada while britian fighting france
macons bill no.2
US trade w/ all countries not england or france...whoever says the want to trade first out of the two trades w/ us the other gets cut off
sack of washington dc
burned white house......star spangled banner created by francis scott key
francis scott key
wrote star spangled banner while watchiing attack on dc from a britis ship,prisoner (***)
treaty of ghent
ended war of 1812, we felt we won but we hadn't... the treaty arrived just as we won the battle of new orleans (***)
battle of new orleans (casualties)
(****)
hartford conventions
Mass, Conn, RI, NH, VErmont...opposed war, proposed succession or seperate peace from england. Blue light feds warning british about escaping Amer. ships...feds got together in secret for 3 woeeks to talk about greivances and seek redress for their wrongs
era of good feelings
monroe was welcomed back by a heartwarming welcome from N. England "the enemy's contry" the newspaper carried it away as to annonce that an era of good feelings was ushered
james monroe
nominated for presidency in 1816...almost was voted unanimously, but one person threw vote away, it was ____
virginia dynasty
first 5 pres's from virginia
oliver hazard perry
naval hero, won imp. battles in G.Lakes
erie canal
completed by NY in 1825 (***)
tariff of 1816
1st tariff in US instituted for protection not rvenue/20-25% on value of dutiable imports, not high enought for adequate safe guard though
nationalism and decatur's toast
"our country! in her intercourse with foreign nations, may she b=always be int eh right; but our counrtry right or wrong!"...everyone in a good mood, very patriotic
henry clays american system
developed profitable home market, Amer system had 3 parts 1. strong banking system which would provide easy and abundant credit 2. clay advocated a protective tariff, behind which eastern manufac. would flurish revenues for this tariff would provide funds for 3rd component 3. a network of roads and canals, esp. in burgeioning ohio valley
tallmadge mendment
no more slaves broght into missouri and provided emancipation for children born to slaves
missouri compromise 1820
tallmage amendment, slavery cannot be extended into louisiana territory. south furious...comp.:missouri will come in as slvae state...maine is going to come in as a free state...no slavery in louisiana territory except south of missouri (36-30)
tallmadge mendment
no more slaves broght into missouri and provided emancipation for children born to slaves
andrew jackson and florida
hung indians w/o ceremony, exectued british subjects for assisting the indians. seized 2 most imp spanish posts, deposed spanish gov. ***
john quincy adams
****
louisianna purchase
napolean takes control of the louisiana territory, revokes the right of deposit/ jeff response: US offers to buy a part of new orleans harbor. napoleans response: take it all for $15 mil. Jeff doubles size of US...Jeff becoomes loose constructionist on this issue
monarchists
****
right of deposit
ability to bring goods to mouth of Miss. R
pinckney's treaty
1975, right of deposit secured from spain bring from Miss. to gulf
lewis and clark expedition
jefferson wanted the entire west explored to determine the geography and resources of the west
zebulon pike and the "great american desert"
****
leopard
english ship that fired upon chesapeade ship in 1807 killing soldiers
embargo
leopard lead to embargo....jeff policy of 1807-09...shut down all shippiing to foreign countries
jay's treaty
find it!!!
neutrality proclamation
1793, Us stay neautral betweenfrance and england
citizen genet
Rep. of France came over and enlisted 200 privateers (enlisted ships) to fight against Brtiish. Wash. had to order him to stop
excise tax
a tzx on the sale or manufactur of a product
2 term limit
prez can only serve 2, 4 yr terms (check this one)
national bank
crate a bank of the US (precedent)/ Jeff. protested nconstitutional, Hamil argues 4 the use of the elastic clause and wins
whiskey rebellion
from shays rebellion, brought on by tariff
dicision to move the capitol
because Hamil needed Jeff's support for assuming all state debts from Rev. (but Jeff didn't support im because the south had paid off all their debts)
loose versus strict construction
LC--> the constitution can be loosely interpreted
SC--> Gov. can do only what is stated
dicision to move the capitol
because Hamil needed Jeff's support for assuming all state debts from Rev. (but Jeff didn't support im because the south had paid off all their debts)
Loose versus strict construction
LC-->the constitution can be loosely interpreted
SC-->gov. can do only what is stated
feds
political party that supported a strong fed. gov
democratic repubs.
democrats have a more liberal view/ repubs have a more conservative view/ 2political parties (check this one!!!)
funding national debt
pay off national debt from Rev. (to get support from wealthy)
democratic repubs.
democrats have a more liberal view/ repubs have a more conservative view/ 2political parties (check this one!!!)
assuming state debts
assume all state debts form teh revolution (prec) to get jeffersons support the capital was moved to federal town (wash. DC)
Thomas Jeff
sec of state, in charge of foreign policy
role of electoral colleg
pick 2 top people for P and VP.....P and VP now on separate ballots so people knew who they were voting for
alien and sedition acts
allow pres. to jail writiers who criticize the pres./appears to be a freespeech violation. also foreigners wher haven't been nutralized can be send back home
virginia and kentucky resolutions
written by Jeff and Madison...these 2 states calim the right ot nullify an illegal federal law, refuse to enforce the sedition act based upon the idea that the states can determine constitutionality of law. a precedent with lead to civil war
doctrine of nullification
states can determine if a fed law is unconstitutional
talleyrand
frensh foreign minister(***)
XYZ
the go-betweens that met w/ adams envoys, sent by talleyrand
convetion of 1800
napolean requested that US help france
adams position on war
he didn't want to go to war
james callender
paid political writer to criticize adams (paid by jefferson? ***)
maria reynolds
mistress of alex hamil
aaron burr and electoral college
pres and vp wanted to be voted for seperately (lead to 12th amendment)
12th amendment
cndidates listed voted as p and vp
wash's key advisors
Jefferson and Hamilton
make-up of first political advisors
jefferson had a ____ view and Hamilton had a ____ point of view
farewell address
wash. outlines Amer's policy of isolationsism (precedent) lasts til 1945
Hami's philosophy
believe in manufacturing future, gets support of wealthy by funding national debt and assume state debts
jeffersons attitude toward Fr. Revolution
supports Fr. Rev. even in radical phase when guillotine is used agains teh kind and queen