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38 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Europa
Daughter of the king of Phoenicia. a continents name is based off of hers
zeus
king of the gods
minoan civilization
1750 b.c. to 1500 b.c.
shrines
areas dedicated to the honor of the gods and goddesses
Frescoes
watercolor paintings done on wet plaster.
Mycenean
1400 b.c. to 1200 b.c.
how are the Myceneans best remembered?
they are best remembered from their part in the trojan war.
straits
narrow water passages that connect medditerainean and black seas.
the age of homer
1100 b.c. to 800 b.c.
what two epic poems gave hints about age of homer life?
lliad and the odyssey
phoenician alphabet
invented by the greeks
polis
unique version of greece.
acropolis
the high city.
monarchy
a government where a king or queen has dominate rule.
aristocracy
rule by a landholding elite.
do greeks believe in polytheistic ways of religion or monotheistic?
POLYTHEISTIC
what did greeks call inferior non greeks?
barbaroi
who was the wealtheist greek city state and when were the the wealtheist?
Athens
direct democracy
when citizens take part in direct day affairs with the government
stipend
fixed salary
jury
panel of citizns that help take part in a trial
ostracism
to send away a citizen who was thought as a threat to democracy.
peloponnesian war
431 B.C. to 404 B.C.
logic
rational thinking
rhetoric
the art of skillful speaking
socrates
An Athenian stonemason and philosopher
plato
emphasized the importance in reason. thought men surpass women in mental AND physical tasks.
aristotle
plato's most famous student.
he anazlyzed all forms of government and found good and bad examples of each.
parthenon
most famous example of athenian artchitecture
who were the greatest athenian playwriter's?
sophocles, aeschylus, and euripides.
trajadies
told of human suffering stories that mostly ended in disastor.
lysistrata
famous athenian comedy
philip
king who gained the throne in 359 b.c.
who conquered persia
Alexander
in what year did alexander take babylon?
331 b.c.
how did alexander feel towards his empire as he lay dying?
"to the strongest"
assimilated
the absorbing of ideals
name some accomplisments of the hellenistic period
pythagorean theorum and the theory of a heliocentric or sun centered solar system