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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Great Depression
*Uneven distribution of wealth
*Women were accused of taking jobs from men
*minorities often lost jobs
* attempted to end by encouraging voluntary controls and action
New Deal
*Government support the arts
*Power of labor unions increased
*Rising national debt
*Tennessee Valley Authority
*Federal Deposit Insurance Corp
*Securities and Exchange commission
Fascists Nations in 1930's
*Germany
*Italy
*Japan
WWII - US involvement
*Started when Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
*Allies wanted to defeat Germany
*Women were barred from engaging in combat
*African Americans were discriminated against by segregation
*Strategy used against Japanese: Island-hopping
*Ended when we dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Hitler
* Holocost was the extermination of 6 million Jews in Nazi controlled Europe
*According to some, his greatest military error was attacking the Soviet Union
What was the purpose of a rationing program?
To head off inflation
Japanese Americans
*constitutional rights were suspended during WWII
*evacuated from West Coast as there was fear of sabotage
Cold War
* US and Soviet Union began competing in arms race
*Nuclear technology
Korean War
* US was successful in Keeping South Korea free from communism
* Soviet Union and US set up governments in North and South Korea
Vietnam
* US sent aid to France in early years
*Lack of clear objectives frustrated American soldiers
*Americans saw the horrors of war on T.V.
*American Men, age 18 and up were drafted, but deferred if in college
*Viet Cong used Guerrilla tactics
*US used Agent Orange to expose Viet Cong
*US also used saturation bombing
* Pentagon Papers brought opposition to the war
NATO
* North Atlantic Treaty Organizaion
* purpose-to form a mutual defense in response to a Soviet attack
What did Joseph McCarthy portray himself in being a leader of?
the anticommunist movement
What spurred economic growth in the 1950's?
*Major corporate expansion
*Baby boom
*Consumer credit
Eisenhour
* Favored programs that aided big business
Racial segregation
*Important people: Martin Luther King,Rosa Parks,Jackie Robinson,Thurgood Marshall
*Brown v. Board of Education: court case that ruled that segregation was no longer permissible in public schools
*1963 March on Washington DC was to put pressure on Congress into passing a Civil Rights bill
Sputnik
* 1st space satellite -Russia
* Ahead of US program
* Americans began to question American technology
John F. Kennedy
* 1st Roman Catholic elected President
* one of the youngest candidates ever elected President
* Represented Massachusetts in Senate
* Public image (Television) was important to election
*Peace Corps
*Tax cuts passed
*lacked popular mandate to push many proposals through congress
* Soviets were ahead of US in space exploration
Cuba
*Bay of Pigs: Attempt to overthrow the goernment of Fidel Castro
*Cuban missle crisis strategy was to blockade Cuba
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
gave president power to wage war without a declaration of war from congress
Arab oil embargo
provoked an energy crisis in the US in 1973 and 1974
Protests
* Southern Christian Leadership Conference used Boycotts and non-violent protests
* Kent State- protesting Cambodia war
What did Nixon do after the Watergate Scandal?
Resign
What is the relationship between war and the country's national debt?
War causes the national debt to increase
Unemployed veterans marched on Washington in 1932 - this was the _________ Army
The Bonus Army
Amendments to know:
The 20th amendment was ratified to elimiate the four month period between election and inauguration of a new President.
* 21st Amendment ended prohibition
Roosevelt
*spoke to the Party loyalists during his "fireside chats"
*Cabinet was called "brain trust"
*Plan for first term: relief, recovery, reform
*His "Court Packing" speech ended public and congressional support
*Atlantic Charter was his plan to aid Great Britain while avoiding isolationinst criticism
Great Depression
* According to John Maynard Keynes to end depression you need to increase government spending.
* Another name for shanty towns was "Hooverville"
The attempt to preserve peace
appeasement
WWII Battles/Events
*Germany's invation of Poland started the war in Europe
* The Marshall Plan helped European nations recover from effects of the war
*Purpose of D-Day invation was to drive Germans out of France
*Russia had victory in battle of Stalingrad
*Battles of Coral Sea and Midway gave allies the naval advantage in Pacific
*Germany's invasion of France was an early event in WWII
*
How did US government finance the war?
* Raised federal income taxes
* sold war bonds
* borrowed from banks
* borrowed from private individuals
War Goals described in the Atlantic Charter:
* Self-determination for all nations
* Equal trading rights for all
* a system of general security to keep the peace
What was containment designed to do?
stop the spread of Communism
According to Churchill: The "iron curtain" separated:
The nations of Western Europe and Eastern Europe
postwar years
* Factors of suburban growth: Baby boom, mass-production of affordable homes, GI Bill
* Economic boom: wartime savings gave boost to sales, Gov. spending kept economy booming, American export trade flourished
Acts to Know
Immigration Act of 1965: Abolish the quota system
* Voting Right Act of 1965: Affected African Americans
Nixon
*Withdrew troops from Vietnam and resumed bombing raids at the same time
*His visit to Russia was an eexample of de'tente
*Spiro Agnew was his first Vice-president who was accused of taking bribes as Governor
*Gerald Ford replaced Agnew and was later the first president to take office without popular vote
* Watergate breakin: Nixons associates "bugged" the politican headquarters of their opponents
Court Cases:
Gideon v. Wainwright and
Miranda v. Arizona dealt with the rights of the accused
Brown v. Board of Education: court ruled that segregation was no longer permissible in public schools
Three Mile Island raised concerns about?
The satety of nuclear reactors
Stagflation
A sluggish economy coupled with rapid inflation
What caused Arab oil embargo of 1973-74?
US aid to Israel during the Yom Kippur War