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14 Cards in this Set

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large political unit or state, usually under a single ruler, controlling many peoples
empire
around 2340 BC, the sumerian city-states were conquered by the akkadians under which leader?
anu
gilgamesh
sargon*
hammurabi
who invented the wagon wheel, a math system based on units of 60, and the sundial?
sumerians
the most famous piece of mesopotamian literature
the epic og gilgamesh
what is egyptian history divided into?
old, middle, & new kingdoms
what influenced the development of egyptain civilization the most?
nile
what did the egyptians based their calendar on?
sun & moon
what does osiris symbolize?
resurrection
who destroyed the hittite empire?
assyrians
who was the king of the chaldeans that rebuilt babylon?
nebuchadnezzer
who were the cavalry & infantry forces that numbered at least 10,000?
immortals
what taught that ahuramazda was the supreme god, ahriman was the evil spirit, & humans had freee choice?
zoroaster
how was the persian empire weakened?
struggles to control the throne
who was called "the great" because he showed wisdom & compassion?
cyrus