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36 Cards in this Set

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populism
political party that believes that the government's unfair to farmers and laborers; contributes to labor unions or strikes
urbanization/ immigration
death, disease and immigration led to people standing up for change; urbanization and immigration caused over population, nativism, sanitation problems; Atlanta Compromise-African Americans should have the same job and educational opportunities as others in America
Goals of Progressives
protecting social welfare (helping out the poor), promoting moral improvement (prohibition), fostering efficiency (exposing corruption)
muckrakers
journalist who expose problems in different industries; expose problems to the public; Upton Sincllair
imperialism
stronger nation wants to expand territories; takes over weaker countries-controlling economy or politics
origins of imperialism
desire for more resources and power (military, economic, political); competition among countries leads to stronger countries taking over weaker countries; continuance of idea of manifest destiny
Spanish American War
cuba trying to get independence from Spain
Yellow Journalism
exaggeration of facts; journalists would sensationalize the events between Cuba and Spain to sell papers; public began to sympathize with Cuba
Battleship Maine
battleship blows up; US blames Spain for the explosion; the wealthy, the public and newspapers wanted war with Spain McKinley and Congress war on Spain-1898; 16 week muscle flexing war
Terms of Peace treaty
Cuban independence; Puerto Rico and Guam ceded to US; US occupation of Manila, Philippines-US wants to annex Philippines; leads to Philippine-American War (worse than previous)
Foraker Act
1900- Civil Government in Puerto Rico; president could appoint Puerto Rico's government; Puerto Ricans given US citizenship
Platt Amendment
amendment to Cuban constitution; Cuba must stay out of debt, US has right to intervene and buy/ lease Cuban land for naval bases
Philippine American War
Filipinos wanted independence; get rid of US occupation
Panama Canal
US helped Panamanians revolt against Colombia in order to build a canal through Central America; easier to transport of goods and military from Atlantic to Pacific (or vise versa)
Socialism/ IWW
People decide how goods/ money is distributed; Wobblies- Union made up of all types of workers (socialist); Eugene V. Debs-leader of Socialist party in US, jailed for his beliefs and still ran for president from jail and still 6% of the votes
3 C's of the Square Deal
control the corporations- trust busting; Roosevelt was okay with monopolies as long as they were fair to workers; gov't works out agreements between workers and businesses/ consumer production- meat inspection act; pure food and drug act/ conservation of natural resources
NAACP
national association for the advancement of colored people; W.E.B. DuBois founded it; civil rights were not actually guaranteed; jobs, educational opportunities, pay not equal progressive indifference to racial tensions
Roosevelt Corollary
added to monroe doctrine; US has international police power to correct wrongs within its sphere of influence and help countries pay debts to Europe; justified intervention in Latin America
Dollar Diplomacy
American business were encourage to invest in foreign countries; 1911- American bankers loaned Nicaragua money and therefore controlled railroads, banks
Federal Reserve Act of 1913
divided the nation into 12 districts and established a regional central bank in each district
Clayton Anti-Trust Act of 1914
a law enacted that made certain monopolistic business practices illegal and protected the rights of labor union and farm organization
16th amendment
allows congress to impose tax
17th amendment
provides for the election of US senators by the people rather than the state legislatures
18th amendment
established prohibition
19th amendment
women have the right to vote
national american woman suffrage association
organization founded in 1890 to gain voting rights for women
Carrie Chapman Catt
leader in women suffrage movement
William McKinley
president before theodore roosevelt, pro spanish american war, philippine american war
Upton Sinclair
wrote the jungle, exposed unhealthy conditions in meat packing factories, socialist
theodore roosevelt
president after mckinley, 3 c's,
Eugene V. debs
leader of Socialist party in US, jailed for his beliefs and still ran for president from jail and still got 6% of the votes
Woodrow Wilson
dem candidate, new freedom, 17th, 18th amendment, and 19th amendment, underwood tariff bill, federal reserve system, clayton anti-trust act,
taft
very cautious, called a conservative (broke up more trusts than anybody else) dollar diplomacy
new nationalism
strong government, social welfare, labor legislation, reform of banks, roosevelt
new freedom
against social welfare, free enterprise, lower tariff (gives small businesses a chance to succeed), banking reform
underwood tariff bill
16th amendment