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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ex nihilo
From nothing
mnemonic
most obvious function of writing-to record so info can be looked back on
Distancing function
A written document is detached from the person who produced it as well
as from the place and time of production
reifying function
Written messages make language seem concrete: stable, tangible, and
depersonalized.
aesthetic function
Some literary genres probably couldn’t exist without writing
Semiotics
The general study of signs
Signifier
linguistic form(pronunciation
Signified
meaning
Icon
When a sign involves a signifier that resembles the signified in some way
Index
When a sign involves a signifier that is directly connected to its signified
Symbol
When a sign involves a signifier that is connected to its signified only by convention
Natural
the connection between the signifier and the signified in icons and indexes
Conventional
The connection between the signifier and the signified is arbitrary in the case of symbols
onomatoboeic
words(like whoosh and meow) that are iconic, since the signifiers sound like the signifieds