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122 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What was not an influence on soul? (what was?)
Rock or Folk. Gospel and R&B influenced soul.
Loud sound of rock is from what?
Rock 'n' roll
What music did the Byrds develop?
Folk rock and southern California country rock style.
Folk song style based on American folk music using acoustic guitars, banjos, and other acoustics such as washboards and thimbles for rhythm, washtub basses, spoons, and kazoos. (Lonnie Donnegan)
Skiffle
Which band is CLEARLY not a soul group?
Sly & the Family Stone
Group persona/composer of the Rolling Stones. pseudonym
Nanker Phledge
One of the first supergroups. What is a supergroup?
band formed of previously famous people. Crosby, Stills, Nash, and Young
Which band do you know is NOT funk?
the Temptations
What is NOT true of Booker T and the MGs?
They never recorded on their own. [they did]
The rhythmic direction of funk is supplied by what?
Bass
Whom of the following did not influence the Beatles?
None of the Above
What was the house band at Motown?
The Funk Brothers
Southern Rock General Characteristics
-Music is strongly aggressive
-Bands favor 2 or 3 lead guitarists
-Lead guitarists have virtuosic abilities
-Often play licks in harmonized thirds
-Tendency to play repetitive licks at fast, break-neck tempos
-Often increase tempos in ending solo sections while playing fast, repetitive licks
-Rhythm sections more country-oriented (2 beat bass, stiff drumming)
-Prominent Southern accents
-Many narrative (ballad) songs
-Lyrics often display attitudes of strong regional/national pride
Southern Rock Characteristics from Blues
-Blues chord progressions (10-, 12-, & 16 bar progressions)
-Delta slide guitar techniques
-Bent notes on guitar (blue notes)
-Blues vocal inflections (growls, blue notes)
Southern Rock Characteristics from Country
-2 beat bass lines
-Country style drumming
-String bands: acoustic guitars, steel guitars, fiddles, banjo
-Trebley, twangy electric lead guitars
-Country vocal inflections (stutters, slides)
Southern Rock Characteristics from Rock n Roll
-Hard driving rhythms
-Loud electric sound
-Extremely fast tempos
-Electronic distortion
Family in Sly and Family Stone refers to what?
All of the Above
Folk rock combined sounds of 1960s folk with lyrics of rock. T or F?
False
Producer of the Beatles
George Martin
Not a Stones guitarist. Who were?
Andrew Oldman

-Keith Richards, Brian Jones, Mick Taylor, Ron Wood
What song form is the bridge found in?
Standard
Who was Pete Seeger?
Folk singer that formed Almanac Singers with Woodie Guthrie
Country element in southern rock?
two beat bass
What is a vamp?
A stagnant guitar. Short chord progression that is repeated several times as a means of marking time.
Why did Bob Dylan move to NY?
To be close to Woodie Guthrie.
Famous Motown Songwriters. Wrote for Supremes.
Holland-Dozier-Holland
Motown Choreographer
Cholly Atkins
What is a riff?
Repeated Melodic Figure.

Short melodic and/or rhythmic pattern repeated over and over while musical changes take place. Often the harmonic and rhythmic basis of the entire song.
Who was not a folk rock performer?
None of the Above
Had its roots in traditional jazz.
The Who
Mick Jagger and Keith Richards alternate name
Glimmer Twins
Record executive that discovered Aretha and Bob Dylan.
John Hammond
Woodie Guthrie songs.
All of the Above
Reverb is what?
Tyoe of sound distortion. Repeated several times like an echo effect.
Ray Charles was influence by what?
Classical Jazz
Aretha's debut album is typical of what?
Jazz Standards
What was the style of James Brown's band?
Stacatto percussive
Who created Parliament/Funkadelic?
George Clinton
Booker T & the MGs were a house band of what recording studio?
Stax Studios
Entrepenuer who developed Motown
Berry Gordy
Subdominant
IV degree
Large Folk Singer Influence
Woody Guthrie
Rolling Stone influences
Muddy Waters, Elmore James, Howlin' Wolf, Chuck Berry, Bo Diddley, Scotty Moore, Elvis, Little Richard, Buddy Holly
Who was Keith Moon?
Drummer for The Who. Died, replaced by Kenny Jones
What is musique concrete?
taped sounds mixed with real sounds and musical tones. Sound collage effect.
What soul element is very much derived from gospel?
Improvisation
Who was Pete Meaden?
1st Manager of The Who
What was folk music of the 1960s modeled after
Appalachian Folk Ballads
What is a trait of the southern rock guitarists?
Lead guitarists are virtuosic
The House horn section at Stax
the Mar-Keys
Bob Dylan upset his fans by?
Selling out to commercialism
Stevie Wonder Style
Syncopated
Heavy rhythm bass
Where did Funk originate?
Jazz in the 1950s
Who was Andrew Oldman?
Original Stones Manager
Who was Stu Sutcliffe?
Original bassist for the Beatles
What soul element is very much derived from gospel?
Improvisation
What soul element is very much derived from gospel?
Improvisation
Who was Pete Best?
Original Beatles Drummer
Who was Pete Meaden?
1st Manager of The Who
Who was Brian Epstein?
The Beatles' Manager
What was folk music of the 1960s modeled after
Appalachian Folk Ballads
What is a trait of the southern rock guitarists?
Lead guitarists are virtuosic
What was a characterist of Sly and the Family Stone?
Avoided backbeat. Flat 4 Beat.
Who was Pete Meaden?
1st Manager of The Who
What soul element is very much derived from gospel?
Improvisation
What was folk music of the 1960s modeled after
Appalachian Folk Ballads
Who was Pete Meaden?
1st Manager of The Who
What is a trait of the southern rock guitarists?
Lead guitarists are virtuosic
What was folk music of the 1960s modeled after
Appalachian Folk Ballads
The House horn section at Stax
the Mar-Keys
What is a trait of the southern rock guitarists?
Lead guitarists are virtuosic
Bob Dylan upset his fans by?
Selling out to commercialism
The House horn section at Stax
the Mar-Keys
Stevie Wonder Style
Syncopated
Heavy rhythm bass
Bob Dylan upset his fans by?
Selling out to commercialism
Where did Funk originate?
Jazz in the 1950s
Stevie Wonder Style
Syncopated
Heavy rhythm bass
Where did Funk originate?
Jazz in the 1950s
Who was Andrew Oldman?
Original Stones Manager
Who was Stu Sutcliffe?
Original bassist for the Beatles
Who was Pete Best?
Original Beatles Drummer
Who was Brian Epstein?
The Beatles' Manager
What was a characterist of Sly and the Family Stone?
Avoided backbeat. Flat 4 Beat.
The House horn section at Stax
the Mar-Keys
Bob Dylan upset his fans by?
Selling out to commercialism
Stevie Wonder Style
Syncopated
Heavy rhythm bass
Where did Funk originate?
Jazz in the 1950s
Who was Andrew Oldman?
Original Stones Manager
Who was Stu Sutcliffe?
Original bassist for the Beatles
Who was Andrew Oldman?
Original Stones Manager
Who was Pete Best?
Original Beatles Drummer
Who was Stu Sutcliffe?
Original bassist for the Beatles
Who was Brian Epstein?
The Beatles' Manager
Who was Pete Best?
Original Beatles Drummer
What was a characterist of Sly and the Family Stone?
Avoided backbeat. Flat 4 Beat.
Who was Brian Epstein?
The Beatles' Manager
What was a characterist of Sly and the Family Stone?
Avoided backbeat. Flat 4 Beat.
Motown Characteristics
-A lead singer supported by backup singers
-Close vocal harmonies
-Voices predominant over instruments
-Band is very much in the background
-More polished sound than Soul
-Not too many instrumental riffs or vamps
-Strong beat generally emphasizing all four beats in a measure equally (flat four
beat)
-Some emphasis of backbeat, often with handclaps
-Very often uses a string orchestra in background
-In performances, very visually oriented with choreographed moves by backup
singers (visual, not aural; not felt on recordings)
The Beatles 2nd Period
Experimentation
The Beatles 1st Period
Initiation
The Beatles 3rd Period
Maturity
The Who 2nd period Characteristics
-intricate songs
-polyphonic, layered
-longer
-long intros
-use of synth for polyphonic layers
-Daltry screams
-bass lines more melodic
-melodic guitar, solos chordal
-drumming maniacally busy
Funk Brothers?
Gave Motown acts a uniform sound
MGs
House band for Stax
The Famous Flames?
Small gospel group James Brown started his career in. Formerly called the Swannees
Muscle Shoals
Memphis soul sound developed here in Alabama in Fame recording studios.
Two beat bass
1st and 3rd
Flat-four beat
motown sound. rhythm style with all 4 beats equally accented.
MC
“Master of Ceremonies”; “Mic Controller”
Aleatory/Aleatoric
Method of composition in which pitches, rhythms, motives and other decisions are left to the performer's discretion. Also chance music, as what happens is chance.
Melismatic/Melisma
(commonly known as vocal runs or simply runs) technique of changing the note (pitch) of a syllable of text while it is being sung
Backbeat
beats 2 and 4. rock 'n' roll
Tonic
1st pitch. central/main/home chord of a key
Dominant
5th pitch
concept album
album unified by a theme
scratching
moving a vinyl record back and forth to produce a scratching sound
Developed political protest movement in folk
Peter, Paul, and Mary
Otis Redding
Top performer at Monterey Pop Festivel. Top international singer in 1967.
Sly Stone
Effective statements against racism and influence on development of funk
Gil Scott-Heron
Founder of rap or politcal rap
Aretha
Lady Soul
Public Enemy
hip hop