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67 Cards in this Set

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Tone Quality; The way particular instruments or voices sound alone or in combination. Also referred to as tone color.
Timbre
one melody
Monophonic
All on the same pitch
Unison
A principal melody line with an instrument or several instruments playing a supporting background
Homophonic
Several vocalists harmonizing around a principal melody line
Close Harmony (a form of homophony)
Close Harmony bands
The Drifters (and other doo-wop groups), Beach Boys, and Crosby, Stills, & Nash
Texture in which two or more independent melodic lines of equal importance or interest sound simultaneously
Polyphonic
The types of music Texture
Monophonic, Homophonic, Polyphonic
Polyphonic bands
Yes, Emerson, Lake, & Palmer, King Crimson
Another word for Volume
Dynamic Level
Gradually louder
Crescendo
Gradually softer
Decrescendo or Diminuendo
The way that sounds are combined to create a piece of music
Harmony
The combination of sounds used to create a piece of music
Chord Progression or Chord Structure
Chords and melodies are derived from patterns of pitches called...
Scales
Provides the basic melodic and harmonic material for a given piece of music. It is a way to organize the pitches from lowest tone to highest.
A scale (from the italian word for ladder, scala)
All scales have 3 things in common:
1. They are a selection of pitches within the interval of an octave.

2. There are specific intervals between the pitches.

3. There is a tendency within a piece of music for one of the pitches to become the focal point of that music.
The main or central pitch of a major key. Also referring to the chord that is built on the first pitch of a scale and is therefore the main or central chord of a major or minor key.
Tonic
An octave is divided intp twelve equal half-step intervals, also known as...
Semitones
A scale that divides the octave into 12 equal semitones.
Chromatic Scale
An interval made up of 2 semitones
Whole Step or Whole Tone
Some scales call for the C-sharp while others call for the D-flat. These are called...
Enharmonic Tones
The interval between two notes of the same pitch name that are twelve half steps apart.
Octave
The distance between the tonic pitch and the third scale degree, which is whole step and half step.
Minor Scale
The distance between the tonic pitch and the third scale degree, which is two whole steps.
Major Scale
Three or more different pitches sounding at the same time produce a ...
Chord
A feeling of centrality or primary importance of one pitch over others in a scale or passage of music.
Tonality
Harmony in a patter that establishes a center of relaxation
Tonal Center or Home Key
Chord built on the first scale degree, giving a feeling of m rest, comfort, or calm.
Tonic Chord
Most important chords used to establish tension. Built on the 5th degree of the scale.
Dominant Chord
Built on the fourth degree of the scale.
Subdominant Chord
This progression adds the minor chord that is built on the 6th scale degree to the tonic, subdominant, and dominant chords.
Doowop Progression
Progression built in a minor key and descends from the minor tonic to the major dominant chord.
Descending minor progression
Much of music is written in scale patters called...
Modes
Progression which commonly occurs in Spanish Guitar
"Spanish" Progression
A collection of pitches that are played in succession.
Melody
The span from lowest to highest pitch in a piece of music, a specific instrumental part, or a particular section of music.
Range
When a melody moves up and down in pitch in a scale pattern, it is said to be...
Conjunct
If a melody moves by skips or jumping wide distances, it is said to be...
disjunct
Pattern of a melody made by the rising and falling of pitches
Shape
Melodies are described as ______, ______, or more usually, a combination of the two.
Ascending; Descending
The singer remains on the same pitch or couple of pitches with very little variation in pitch.
Static Melody
The relation between music and time
Rhythm
The basic rhythm, known as the pulse, or beat.
Background Time
The level of time at which the background pulses or beats are organized in perceptibal patterns.
Middleground Time
The way in which pulses are organized
Meter
Beats organized into units
Measures
Measures of two with a strong accent on the first beat and a weaker accent on the second beat.
Duple Meter
Beats organized into units of three
Triple Meter
Duple, quadruple, and triple meters are considered ______ if a steady pattern of two, three, or four beats is present througout a song.
Regular
How fast a piece or section of a piece is played, or the speed at which the basic pulses or beats happen.
tempo
Means "happy" as well as lively in tempo.
Allegro
Means "walking" as well as an easy-going, medium tempo.
Andante
Means both slow and "serious" in tempo.
Grave
A sudden change in the established tempo
Abrupt Shift
A gradual increase in tempo
Accelerando
A gradual decrease in temp
Ritardando
The simple rhythm of a song, also referred to as surface rhythm.
Foreground Time
Occurs when the weak beats of a piece of music, or the notes in between the regular pulses, are accented stronger than the pulses of the established meter.
Syncopation
Represents the way in which the listener keeps track of the units of music that are used to make a song.
Form
Song form of AABA, ABAB, or ABAC
Standard
Brief key change
Modulation
Series of verses set to the same music.
Strophic
Unusual structure that follows the form of the words. No repetition
Through-composed form.
Refers to the emotions or feelings that are expressed in the lyrics.
Sentiment
Informs the listener of the way in which the song is presented or how the narrator is presenting the song
Mode
Informs the listener as to when the action takes place.
Verb Tense