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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The dilemma faced by J.S. Mill in making psychology a science was that:
Human behavior cannot be predicted as accurately as the subject matter of other sciences such as physics.
Darwin's idea of progress was that
progress is not only possible but inevitable and even mechanical.
Galton, as an aspect of his eugenics movement, proposed that
the principles of evolutionary thoery should be applied to human breeding strategies.
The Bell-Magendie law provided evidence that
The spinal cord was designed to convey sensory and motor directions separately.
Wilhelm Wundt was the first to establish a
laboratory for studying the mind
The study of phrenology was concerned with
identifying brain regions repsonsible for specific tasks
thomas malthus used math to demonstrate that
some opposing forces prevents humans from reproducing at their highest potential rate
Darwin had a strong influence on which of the following
a.Psychological thought and practice.
b.Biological understanding of evolution.
c. Political policies during the industrial revolution.
(all of the above)
A critic of the study of psychology was Kant. He suggested that:
interpret the world with imperfect senses
making an empirical scientific psychology impossible
One of the three stages of culture that Comte described is:
scientific (positive knowledge replaces others)
the psychology of what robinson called "the crucial half century" is different from previous systems of psychology in that
it was more focused than previous systems.
the reasoning behind comparative psychology is that
human structure is comparable to animals in its purpose and function
the view of the ancient greeks about the "insanity" defense was that
someone insane was less than human because the state of being human demanded free will
Freud used this approach to discover the sources of traumatic events in people's lives
free association
The "Freudian Slip" is
disguised plots and fantasies of the dream world, penetration of the unconscious into speech, revelations into the remnants of childhood traumas
Freud saw the world as a set of polarities..these are:
life force vs. death wish
Pierre Janet was mainly interested in:
the biological and psychological bases for hysteria
Alfred Binet is best known for his
contribution to a test of mental abilities named the Standford-binet intelligence test
Proponents of the psychodynamic theory suggest that:
the psyche is an active interplay between the unconscious motivations and desires, thus influencing behavior
freud said that:
1.reconcile sexual urge with the demands of society i
2. if we fail to successfully pass through stages of maturation, we become fixated in one of them
3.unconscious motivation for behavior.
in what sense is psychology still young?
psychology still conducts its research without a unifying theory
according to Robinson, what defines the very character of science?
methods are chosen because of their relevance to the problem under investigation
in england and america, psychology was a __________ discipline, whereas in Europe it was a ___________discipline.
1. empirical
2. rationalistic
robinson asserts that there is only one scientific method. (T/F)
Behaviorists viewed consciousness as:
unobservable and therefore not an object of scientific investigation
B.F. Skinner focused his research on
operant conditioning
Gestalt psychology is more related to rationalism in that it relies on mental categories (true/false)
the principle hypothesis of Gestalt Psychology is (are):
1.organisms interact with their environment
2.perception is governed by laws
3.stimuli are interpreted. (all of the above)
according to robinson, which of the following are important ideas when evaluating theory?
1.facts of experience cannot be undone by theory,
2. complacency with the rightness of one's own ideas leads to intellectual atrophy. (both a and c)