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53 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Beat
same as pulse. (Heartbeat)
Changes
see Harmonic Progression
Chops
Technical facility, endurance (Slang)
Blue Note
A note, part of a particular scale, that gives a bluesy quality to the musical line. Includes flat 3,5, and 7. Also, a very famous jazz club in NYC.
Call & Response
A generic term used in composition and improvisation, it originates from black church music.
Antiphonal
A form of musical response, i.e. one choir answering another; music characterized by the alternation of two or more parts.
Chromatic Notes
that are "foreign" to a given key, and the free utilization of altered notes.
Crescendo
Musical term meaning get louder
Diminuendo
Musical term meaning get softer
Discography
A listing of recordings, usually categorized by genre, player, or band
Flat
1) To play below the pitch. 2) A chromatic alteration to a pitch
Harmonic Progression
A series of chords, or harmonies. Referred to as the changes
Head
The melody of the tune. A jazz performance usually begins by playing the "head".
Lick
similar to a riff - a pattern of notes, in all keys, used as the basic vocabulary of jazz
Measure
Same as bar. A group of pulses
Meter
The groupings of these pulses or beats. It can be caused by accenting certain beats.
Mode
Similar to a scale. A sequence of acoustic relationships. Not the same as key
Mute
An accessory to a brass instrument, it changes the sound, making it brassier, softer, etc...
Obligato
An accompanying line or part, used to enhance a melody.
Pentatonics
a five note scale, with no 4th or 7th. Used as vocabulary for the jazz language.
Pizz
"Pizzicato" - the strings are plucked instead of bowed (arco)
Tempo
Relative speed of the pulse
Plunger
A common rubber toilet plunger used as a muting device by trumpet and trombone players.
Release
1) to stop a note. 2) The bridge
Riff
a short repetitive figure usually played by a section behind a soloist
Rhythm
The pattern that goes on top of the beat (pulse)
Rubato
free in tempo
Scale
a series of acoustical relationships that divide the octave into tones and semitones
Sharp
1) To play above the pitch. 2) A chromatic alteration to a pitch
Tag
A colloquial expression, meaning an added or "tagged" on ending.
Timbre
Tone color. Caused by relative strength of the overtone series
Shake
An instrumental effect sounding like a trill but with a wider intervallic range. Produced by "shaking" the mouthpiece against the lips.
Syncopation
A temporary shifting or displacement of a regular metrical accent; emphasis on a weak or unaccented note so as to displace the regular meter
Tonality
Key area. Certain chords have more strength and "pull" than others, setting up a hierarchy or chords.
Triplet
three notes, played such that they equal two notes of the same value. Three equal notes played within one beat, two beats, or four beats.
Vibrato
Rapid up and down motion of the pitch. Gives warmth to a sound. From the verb "vibrate"
Voicing
Manipulation of certain chord tones, putting them in different order
Walking Bass
A bass line or quarter notes on the pulse, that just "walks along." They can be stepwise or scalar.
Diatonic
found naturally in given key
AABA
Form of many standard tunes. 32 bars long. 4 sections of 8 bars each. Includes a BRIDGE.
Blues
A feeling. Also a form of music. 12 bars, 3 sections of 4 bars each
Bridge
The middle section of an AABA tune. Different key area usually. It leads back into the A section. Also part of a stringed instrument that holds up the strings
Chorus
One pass through the form of the tune. Similar to going around the board in monopoly. Most people play too many choruses. See VERSE
Solo Break
A spot where the band stops playing in order to let the soloist get started
Stop Time
The soloist is the only timekeeper. The rhythm section and/or band usually plays a note every two or four bars.
Trading fours
alternating four (X) bar phrases between the rest of the band and the drummer. A type of drum solo.
Vamp
a short section (usually 2 bars) repeated over and over
Verse
Introductory section of a popular song or ballad, as distinguished from the chorus. Irregular number of bars. See CHORUS
ASCAP
American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers. A licensing agency. (BMI)
Gig
A musician's job, engagement. (Slang
Jam Session
an informal gathering of musicians, playing on their own time and improvising on one or two numbers. After hours. Not found anymore
Sideman
A musician in a band, different from the leader
Attack
To start a note. Different shapes