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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
why did the greeks keep track of weather?
so that they could travel.
who though earth floated on water and that water was basic from of all life?
thales of miletus
3 ways to know earth is round:
1. when ships sailed away, they'd appear to sink.
2. the moon's shadow would always be round. (eclipses)
3. if you go northward, the sun rises at a slant.
who invented the gnomon?
Anaximander
who is the inventor of cartography and T&O maps?
Anaximander
who said wind blows from cooler places to warmer places?
Herodotus
who was the first ethnographer and culture geographer?
Herodotus
what is the study of ethnicities?
ethnography
who did the first work on erosion & said the nile delta was made up of stuff carried by the river?
Herodotus
who said the universe was rules by fate and nothing is stable in human affairs?
Herodotus
who is know as the father of history and wrote a book called history?
Herodotus
who believed the universe revolved around the earth?
Plato
who said that a sphere was the perfect sphere and since the earth was a sphere, it must be perfect?

(also thought people were less than perfect)
Plato
who proposed the first systematic explanation for the motions of moon, sun, and plants?
Eudorous
who discovered that the solar year is 6 hours longer than 365 day? (which is why we have leap years)
Eudorous
who was first to call himself a geographer?
Aristotle
who placed the tropic of cancer, the tropic of capricorn, and the arctic cirlce on the globe?
Aristotle
who's father took over Greece?
who was planning to outfit two ships to sail around the world?
Alexander the Great
who compared climate with skin color and said all people were brother/sister & should be treated that way?
Alexander the Great
who said that earth isnt the center of our solar system and every star is a different universe?
Aristochus of Somus
who was the chief librarian of Alexandria and called Beta Pentathalon"? what does that mean?
Eratosthenes / second best at five things.
who was the first person at alexandria to say he was a geographer?
Eratosthenes
who was best known for his accurate measurement of the circumference of the earth and the making of the first maps with parallels and meridians?
Eratosthenes
who created grid system with 90 degrees of latitude and 180 degrees of longitude?
Hipparchus
who invented the astrolab - a primitive sextant - used for sighting stars?
Hipparchus
who said earth was 1800 miles around? (columbus took his word over eratosthenes)
Posidonius
who complied all the knowledge of his day into a 17 volume work of which he wrote for military leaders and statesmen? (he was unwise about who to believe)
strabo
who wrote a book like strabo's and "periplus" - a set of sailing instructions that columbus used?
Pompius Mea
who wrote a book about his 15 years in china? (world second best seller?) his book opened european minds to world travel.
Marco Polo
who wrote a book with both circumferences in it? he also agreed the earth was round.
Cardinal Pierre Ailly
who wrote a climate atlas of the world which the europeans used?
Al-Balkad
who explained the workings of monsoons?
Al-Masudi
who was the most impt. of muslim geo. and developed a system of climates? he said africa didn't go as far as it was believe to.
Al-Maqdisi
who was the first person to define geography as a relationship between man and the land?
Ibn-Khaldum
who outlined how erosion takes through the hydrologic cycle?
Shen Kua
who traveled to Greece and established the silk route?
Chang Chen
who proved the chinese "discovered" europe long before marco polo?
Chang Chen
who claimed Taiwan for China?
Cheng Ho
who took a fleet of ships and traveled to the red sea, australia, and s. europe to look at the rest of the world and decided that they didn't need it. ended the chinese exploration.
Cheng Ho
who was a rich kid who majored in economics and traced the headwaters of the Rhine River?
Humbolt
who went to s. america and mapped the orinoco river and the andes?
Humbolt
Who met Thomas Jefferson and told him someday the usa would be coast to coast? (just prior to louisiana purchase)
Humblt
in 1820, who became the first professor of geography at Berlin U. ?
Ritter
who intended to write a 300 volume complete world geography book but only finished 9?
Ritter
Who said physical geo. and cultural geo. were separate?
Ritter
who was the first british geographer and wrote a classic textbook?
Mary Sumerville
who created the first map with isobars?
Gallon
who founded the British Land Use and then sent out students to complete the survey of the entire British Isles?
Dudley Stamp
who founded the American Geographers in 1910? he taough at Harvard and trained as a geologist but switched to geography.
William Morris Davis