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63 Cards in this Set

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What are the art periods for Prehistoric Art?
Paleolithic: Old Stone Age c40,000-8,000BC & Neololithic: New Stone Age, 8,000-2,300BC
Paleolithic, Bison, Le Tuc d' Audoubert, France, c 13,000-8,000 BC
Paleolithic, Deer of Lascaux Caves l, France, 15,000-13,000
Paleolithic, Bison, on the Ceiling in a cave at Altamira, Spain, c. 12,000 BC
Paleolithic, Woman of Laussel, France aphrodites
Paleolithic, Woman of Willendorf, Austria c. 22,000-21,000 aphrodites
Neolithic- Mehirs- Rows of Standing Stones almost 3,000 in Numbers, 4500-4000bc, France
Neolithic- Stonehedge,2700-1500bc, England
Neolithic,The Great Serpent Mound, Adams County, Ohio, c1070 A.D.
Post and Lintel
Two or more vertical elements are used to support a bridging horizontal one.
Corbelling
Laying of flat stones without mortar forming a wall
Dolmen
The Simplest Type of megalithic tomb
Capstones
A big Stone or Rock supporting a huge table-like stone form
Menhirs
Single vertical magalithic (big rock)
Cromlech
A circular pattern
Alignment
straight rows
Henge
A circle of stones or post, often surrounded by a ditch with a built up embankment
Mortise and tendon joints
a conical projection from one piece fitting into a hole in the next
Characteristic of Ancient Egyptian Art
First sign of writing appears, Art is centered around the tombs , religion, Nile River and the two kingdoms: Old Kingdom & New Kingdom
Flagon, from Basse-Yutz from France. 5th Century BC, Bronze, coral and enamel
Old Kingdom Palette of King Narmer, Hierakonpolis, c.3150-3125 BC, Slate
Old Kingdom Human-Headed Winged Lion (Lamassu) from the palace of Assurnasirpal II, 883-859 bc
Lamassus
Often Lamassus , guardian protectors of palaces and thrones, bearded head of a man, , lion/bull body, wings, had five legs.
Old Kingdom Portrait Panel of Hesy-ra, Wood, c.2660bc Egyptian
Mastaba
Standard form of Egyptian tombs
Pyramids
Third Dynasty development of mastaba that were quite large and resembled those of royal palace.
Old Kingdom The Pyramids of Menkaure c.2533-2515, khafre, Khufu and Giza
Old Kingdom The Great Sphinx of Giza, c 2570-2544, part Eagle part Lion, or imagine of the Sun God
Hybrid
Made of different animals
Old Kingdom Menkaure and his Wife, Queen Khamererenebty from Giza, c.2515bc
Old Kingdom Prince Rahotep and His Wife, Noret, c. 2580BC
Old Kingdom Khafre, from Giza c. 2500bc, Diorite Stone
Characteristic of New Kingdom
Painted w/ mineral based paint; more stylized, coloration, same profile
Size associated with importance in ancient art
Hieratic Scale
No not conform to natural appearances
Stylized
Imagines dedicated to the Gods
Votice Figures
High Relief
Upright Slab
Stele
compound of buildings where the ruler governed and resided
Palace complex
Fortressed or walled city
Citadel
notches on the top of walls and towers
Crenellation
New Kingdom The Temple of Queen Hatshepsut
Beaker, From Susa (modern Iran) c 4000bc
Sumerian Art, Votice Statues, from the Square Temple, Eshnunna, Iran, c. 2900-2600bc
Sumer, Detail from Bull Iyre, From the tomb of King Abargi, Ur (modern Iraq) c, 2685
Stele of Naramsin, c. 2254-2218. was probably made in Sippar
Queen Nefertiti. C1348-1336
"The Great Temple of Ramses II
"Luxor Pylons-Luxor Temple c 1400 BCE by pharaoh Amenophis 3 dedicated to the Theban Triad, Amun-Min, Mut and Khonsu
Luxor Pylons-
18th Dynasty, The Weighing of the Heart and the Judgment of Osiris, From the Book of the Dead of Hunefer. C 1285 BC painted on Papyrus Paper
Neo-Babylonia, Ishtar Gate and Throne Room, Babylon c. 575 BC
The Lions Gate, Turkey c 1400 bc
acanthus
A plant that inspired architectural ornamentation, used in Corintinian
acropolis
The citadel used in ancient Greek
acroterion
An ornament used at the corner or peak of a roof
amphiprostyle
An oval arena for an athletic event
aniconic
a symbol represented without images of human figures
relieving arch
an arch built with a heavy wall just above a post and lintel structure (such as a gate or window) to help support the wall above
Atmospheric Prospective
Variations in color and clarity caused by distance.
attribute
The symbol ic object or objects that identify a particle deity, saint of personification in art.
capital
the top of a column
chiaroscuro
Italian word designating the contrast of dark and light in a painting