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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Portugal has these 5 colonies in Africa
Mozambique
Angola
Portuguese Guinea
and two Islands
Sao Tome A Principe
Cape Verde Islands
Portugal, 1910 the Monarchy is overthrown and replaced with...
A REPUBLIC. This causes P. to sink into economic ruins due to corrupt gov't
In 1928, Portugual turns into a _____
Military dictatorship, sttabalizes the political situation, doesnt' do anything for the eco situation
ANTONIO D'OLIVEIRA SALAZAR
Army turns to him in 1930 to save P from econ collapse.
Erlotinib
Tarceva

Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor; Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) Inhibitor

Non small cell lung cancer
unresectable or metastatic pancreatic cancer (first-line therapy in combination with gemcitabine)
Salazar wants to develop P. The way to get the money to do so is by...
Squeezing it out of the African Colonies of Portugal.
COLONIAL ACT OF 1932
P. gets parliment to pass a law that declares that P's colonies are no longer colonies, now part of P, apart of a single country.
Provinceas Ultra Marinia
OVERSEAS PROVINCES
Colonies in africa that are now apart of Portugal
Portugal was able to drain the wealth out of the colonies by...
Rigging the custom and Tariff laws as well as the currency (use diff currency than Portugal does)
ASSIMILADO
Africans who begame black portuguese. The only ones who granted a portuguese citizen and had posession of legal rights.
INDIGENA
Natives, who had no rights, considrered portuguese nationals, but not citizens
ESTADO NOVO
"THE NEW STATE"
P. represented theis new system of as a bold new relatonship, a way in which the colonial era ended, and intercultural, inter-relational harmony was produced
PIDE
INTERNATIONAL POLICE AND STATE DEFENSE
Very frightening group,
Why does Salazar believe that portugal had to be separate from all other countries after WW2?
The econ would collapse withou the wealth being drained from african colonies.
Believed ppl only paid attention to Portugal because they had a colonial empire
Also believed that by hanging onto colonial empire, P was holding onto a defence of the wester world. Feared communism would take over, and would represent a defeat of the western world.
How doe Salazar hold onto his empire?
Creates a situation
Send settlers on the land in africa
COLONATOS
Settlers that Salazar rallied from poor nothern P. villages and shipped them off to the colonies (10% of the entire P. population
The Colonatos and the Assimilados were...
were both very angry at the situation, had no control, just as poverty stricken, but the COLONATOS are the first to rebel
FEBRUARY 1961
Colonatos rebell against P. rule. Before P can react, African in Agola rebel. Two rebellions in the same colony
What do the Colonatos decide to do after the double rebellion breaks out?
Give up on the rebllion, work with P. to surpess the african rebellion. Only thing they got going for them is that they were White.
What is the issue with the nation movement leading the uprising agains the POrtuguese gov't?
3 nationlist movemnts instead of one.
What separated the 3 leaders of the nationlist movements?
Ideology (some marxist, some not) Tribalism. Spent as much time fighting each other as the colonatos and Portugese
NORTHERN ANGOLA:
HOLDEN ROBERTO leader, movement called the FNLA and is base of support were named the BAKONGO
(western world)
HOLDEN ROBERTO
Leader of FNLA, base of support Bakongo, followed western world. located in northern Angola Assimilato
CENTRAL ANGOLA
LED BY ASSIMILATO named Augstinho Neto, nationalist movement called the MPLA aprt of ethnic group Mbundu
MBundu
One of the largest slave traders in angola back in the day, ppl didnt forget this. Socialists. Nationalist movemnt Mbundu
SOUTHERN ANGOLA
Jonas Savinbi, UNITA, ethnic group Ovimbundo. (supported by the aparti in south africa)
What are the three nationalist movements in Angola?
FNLA (wester)
MPLA (Socialist)
UNITA (support by Aparti in SA)
In 1961, other colonies rebel...
Portuguese Guinea.
The Portugese become ________ of their own __________.
prisoners, propoganda.
To give up any of his overseas provinces would be to admit that the idea of them as colonies was a sham.
AMILCAR CABRAL
Revolution led by assimilado in Portuguese Guinea. Want to improve agriculture in Guinea, thrown in jain, when freed, organized indepedence movement.
PAIGC
The African Part fo the independence of Guinea and cape verde. Cabral wants to free both islands
Cabral pretends that he is a ______/
Communist/ marxist. His movement is very successful, P. army keeps telling gov't to let go, but they wont.
Mozambique is like the anti_____.
Angola.
EDUARDO MONDLANE
Leader of Nationlist movement in Mozambique, ask P for litle self gov't, P says no
1964 Mozambique
Mondlane organized a movement caled FERLIMO.
FRELIMO
by 1969, over half of Mozambique under their contorl,
Instead of accepting defeat, Portugal decides to do the last thing they can thing of...
Assinate Mundlane and Cabral. Had to keep fighting because of their "provinces"
ANTONIO SPINOLA
Commander of the Portuguese Guinea army, started a movement THe military took over P, Spinola becomes president. In april 1974
June 1975 Spinola decides... September 75
Sao Tome and Mozambique independent
Two islands released
As for Angola in November of 1975...
P. announce they are turning it over to the Angola people. because the 3 refuse to work out their issues. Finally one of the troops seize the cpital city Luanda, and d the portuguese empire finally camp to a bloody end.