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6 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
polycentric world system
Context: Three trade routes linking known world, no central power

Content: Resulting from above, was polycentric world system; consisted of numerous trading centers with peripherals providing raw materials

Significance: Force not used to control trade, and protection offered to merchants. Rulers realized trade was valuable, so did not interfere
Prester John
Context: Rumors about Ethiopians and Nestorian Christians

Content: Mythical Christian emperor ruling over utopia, rich and powerful

Significance: Prompted exploration by Europeans into Africa and Asia in search of Prester John
Neo-Confucianism
Context: Confucianism viewed as only available to upper class; Wang Yangming wanted to make religion more popular

Content: Sagehood now available to anybody; gave moral guidelines for common people to follow

Significance: Allowed everyone chance to become involved in Confucianism; made religion more popular
Hangzhou
Context: Steppe-people's invasion of China, fleeing of imperial court to Hangzhou in south

Content: Hangzhou grew into wealthiest and largest city in world, center of trade and commerce

Significance: Strengthed view of China throughout world; provided model for future metropoleis
Silk Road
Context: 2nd century BC: trade began between China, Central Asia, and later Persia and Roman Empire; relative peace at time facilitated trade

Content: Silk Road most important trade route until 15th century; named after precious Chinese silk transported on it

Significance: Allowed trade throughout known world, but was not of extreme economic consequence: most goods were of high value and not useful to common people. Cultural impact however was vast
Pax Mongolica
Context: Mongol empire largest in world; ruled over quite peacefully

Content: Refers to Mongol rule over their empire; civilization was in stable period, and did not exercise excessive force

Significance: Facilitated trade throughout empire, and encouraged visits by merchants and adventurers from around world; lives of inhabitants were stabilized