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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
In 1979, followers forced the shah to flee Iran.
Ayatollah Khomeini
Established an Islamic republic. Militant Islamic leader
Ayatollah Khomeini
Iranian militants seized more than 50 Americans at the U.S. embassy in Iran's capital.
Iran hostage crisis
Mission to rescue hostages failed as military helicopters crash killing 8
April 1980.
Independent candidate of 1980 election who won almost 7% of the popular vote.
John Anderson
Carter's running mate for the 1980 election.
Walter Mondale
Hostages are released 444 days later
January 20, 1981
Former new deal democrat turned conservative republican. Appealed to voters unhappy with liberal politics.
Ronald Reagan
Reagan's strongest supporters. Political conservatives who followed the Moral Majority.
New Right
fundamentalist Christian organization founded in 1979. Led by Jerry Falwell. Opposed abortion, Equal Rights ammendment, gun control, and busing to integrate schools.
Moral Majority.
led Moral Majority
Jerry Falwell
based on the theory of supply-side economics
This "trickle down" theory argued that lowering the top income tax rates would spur economic growth. Begun to help the economy by 1983 dropping inflation rate to 4%.
Supply-side economics
Nickname given to Soviet Union by Reagan
"Evil Empire"
Pentagon's budget grew to 250 billion.
Between 1981 and 1985
A space-based missle defense system
Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI)
Voted on by labor activist on September 17. Means an independent trade union.
electrician who became the Solidarity leader
Lech Walsea
Caused because the US placed nuclear missles in Great Britain and Germany
Soviets boycott 1984 summer olympics in LA
Moderate who won the 1984 election in El Salvador.
Jose Napoleon Duarte
Nicaraguan rebels who overthrew the dictatorship of Anastasio Somoza in 1979.
Nicaraguan rebels recruited, financed, and armed by th CIA. Called "freedom fighters" by Reagan
Won democrat nomination in 1984 election; chose Geraldine Ferraro as his running mate.
Walter Mondale
Mondale's running mate and 1st woman to run on a major party presedential ticket.
Geraldine Ferraro
Appointed by Reagan as head of the U.S. delegation to the United Nations.
Jeane Kilpatrick
Appointed by Reagan in 1981 to serve in the Supreme Court. Turned out to be less conservative than expected.
Sandra Day O'Connor
nominated in 1987 by Reagan but turned down by Congress
Robert Bork
Reagan's next nomination after Bork; but withdrew cause he was caught smokin weed.
Douglas Ginsberg
won senate confirmation in 1988
Anthony Kennedy
a.k.a Balanced Budget and Emergency Control Act of 1985. Required automatic across-the-board cuts in government spending when the deficit exceeded a certain amount
Gramm - Rudman-Hollings Act
eliminated special tax breaks that certain groups had been receiving
Tax Reform Law of 1986
use of confidential financial information for personal gain
Insider trading
stock market crashes
October 19, 1987
funneled millions of dollars from the Iranian arms sales to the Contras after Congress had forbidden direct US aid
Oliver North
Oliver North's secretary
Fawn Hall
Most serious crisis to hit Reagan White House
Iran-Contra affair
became leaded of the SU in 1985; reforms included glasnost and perestroika.
Mikhail Gorbachev
policy of openess promising more freedom for the Soviets. Encouraged people to criticize the government
plan to restructure the Soviet economy and government.
Signed in 1987, eliminating all medium-range nuclear weapons from Europe and withdraw all Soviet troops from Afghanistan
Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF)