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43 Cards in this Set

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What type of government was inherited and ruled by a king?
Monarchy
Governmentof all city states startedwith this type of government
Monarchy
Was ruled by a group of well-to-do nobles
Aristocracy
This was also caled oligarchy
Aristocracy
Someone who took over the government by force
A tyrant
Citizens elected leaders and helped make
laws
Democracy
Name the three classes of people that live in the city-state of Sparta
Upper class, perioeci, helots
Only Spartan citizens and their families belonged to this group
Upper class
In the city state of Sparta
Worked as artisans and marchants
Perioeci
Sparta
Were not citizens and were free
Perioeci
Were slaves and the lowest class in Sparta
Helots
Why did Sparta develop such a strong army?
Fear of a helot rebellion (slave)
What was the main purpose of the government?
To build a strong, disciplined army
What city state had a totalitarian government?
Sparts
Why did the Spartans not have a city wall like the other city states?
They thought that a city with Spartan men had no need for a wall
Babies were examined in Sparta by whom?
The officials
What age were Spartan boys taken to the military?
7 or 8
Until what age were the Spartan boys trained to?
Age 20
At what age were Spartan men expected to marry?
Age 30
At what age were Spartan women expected to marry?
Age 19
At what age were Spartan men expected to retire?
Age 60
Was physical fitness encouraged in Spartan women?
Yes
How many kings did Sparta have?
Two kings that jointly ruled
The city-state of Athens was named for what deity?
The goddess Athena
An Athenian tyrant that had a new code of laws written
Draco
Penalties of his laws were very strict
Draco
"Extreme cruelty or severity"
draconian
What Athenian stopped the practice of debt slavery?
Solon
"Lawmaker o legislator"
solon
The city state that was the first in Greece to use democracy
Athens
Citizens were
Free adult males
What was the Assembly?
The lawmaking body
Athens was a _ democracy
pure
A representative democracy is also called a
republic
A representative democracy is defined as
when voters elect representatives to make the laws for them
Why were juries so large?(201-1001) in Athens?
To make it difficult to bribe or threaten the jury
Were lawyers used in Athens?
No
Once a year, the Assembly could expel one Athenian citizen from Athens for 10 years. What is this called?
Ostracism
Did an ostracized person lose his citizenship or property?
No
In addition to foot soldiers, an army had
Archers, javelin throwers and sling shooters
What are greaves?
Armor from the knee down
Name the 6 things that a person would take into battle
Sword, shield, spear, helmet, chest armor and greaves
Name the three types of government
Monarchy, aristocracy and oligarchy