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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What trail involved trade
Santa Fe Trail
What trail involved religion
Mormon Trail
What trail involved exploration
Oregon Trail
What two major people traveled the Oregon Trail
Marcus and Narcissa Whitman
Who was the first leader of the Mormons
Joseph Smith
Who was the second leader of the Mormons who brought the Mormons to Utah
Brigham Young
Who authored the compromise
Henry Clay
1. Mexico controlled by Spai - 1821 wins its independence- Mexico is a Catholic Nation.
2. Missions were set up by priests
3. Mexico won its independence from Spain in 1821 it took over missions and Mexicans moved into the area (Indians fled)
4. Mexicans and Americans began to set up trade
5. Mexican government couldn't control Texas
Annexation of Texas
What were the two reasons for why the Mexican government began to encourage Americans to move into Texas
1. Control Indian raids on villages
2. Americans bring in technology and money
Who was the president during the Mexican American War
James K. Polk
What was land not claimed by the Natived or the Settlers (a place established for the Natives and Settlers to trade with each other).
Middle Ground
As the settlers moved west so did ___
The Middle Ground
Who was a congressman who later became president and questioned the validity of the disputed territory
Abraham Lincoln
A person who was granted the right to settle on Mexican land in exchange for recruiting and taking responsibility for new settlers.
Empresario
Who never lost a battle
Winfield Scott
When John Marshall discovers gold on John Sutters property in the Sacramento Valley thousands moved to California to get the gold in the year 1849. Those people are called this because of the year it took place.
The 49ers
Where did Steven Kearny go?
New Mexico
What was the last event that had occured
The Gadstein Purchase
This 1851 treaty gave Native American tribes 400 miles of land east of the Rockies and the Natives would not attack the white settlers (the treaty was violated numerous times by the white settlers and the government).
Fort Laramie Treaty
Name for the present day southwestern United States tha Mexico ceded to the US in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848 but hadn't been part of the area east of the Rio Grande which had been claimed by the Republic of Texas.
Mexican Cession
WHo was an American lawyer and soldier who became a lieutenant colonel in the Texas army and died in the Battle of the Alamo.
William Travis
What was a US purchase of land in southern New Mexico and Arizona south of the Gila River on December 30, 1853 and it was purchased to get approval for a southern railroad route to the Pacific coast in that territory.
Gadsden Purchase
Territory along the Gila River for $10 million
1853 Gadsden Purchase
Belief that it was the United States Destiny to expand its territory over the whole of North America and to extend to enhance its political, social, and economic issues.
Manifest Destiny
WHo authored the compromise bill
Henry Clay
Who traveled for religious purchases
Mormons
What had to do with the Oregon Territory
5440 or fight
Led 300 families to Texas where they settled on land granted to them by the Mexican government.
Stephen Austin
Founded the Mormon church and was later killed by an anti-Mormon mob in Illinois
Joseph Smith
Authored the omnibus compromise bill that allowed western states to be admitted to the union.
Henry Clay
Developed the tactic and then led the fight to get the compromise bill through Congress
Daniel Webster
Led the Mormons west from Illinois to Utah, where they settled
Brigham Young
American author, poet, philosopher, abolitionist, naturalist, tax resister, development critic, surveyor, historian, and leading transcendentalist.[1] He is best known for his book Walden, a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings, and his essay Civil Disobedience, an argument for individual resistance to civil government in moral opposition to an unjust state.
Henry D. Thoreau
an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from August 14, 1848, until February 14, 1859, when the southwestern portion of the territory was admitted to the Union as the State of Oregon. Divided by the US and Great Britain in 1846.
Oregon Territory
an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from July 4, 1805 until June 4, 1812, when it was renamed to Missouri Territory. It was formed out of part of the lands acquired by the United States in the Louisiana Purchase, in which French Louisiana was bought from France.
Louisiana Territory