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92 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what is an enlightened despot?
Absolute ruler who uses enlightenment ideas to better society and gain power
Describe what a constitutional government is?
government ruled by laws
who gives each ruler their divine power?
pope
who thought people were naturally greedy and bad?
thomas hobbes
what is divine right?
the right that some1 is ordained by God to rule
who believed in natural rights and that the government was responsible for upholding these rights?
John Locke
What is it called when someone gives up their freedom in exchange for the structure of society?
Social contract
What are the rights called that we are guaranteed by birth?
natural rights.
these are the people monarchs fear most?
nobles
these people are the most but aren't the biggest threat to the monarch?
peasants
which political party was the most conservative, liked the king and believed in the anglican church?
tories
which absolute ruler had a virgin contest to determine his bride?
Ivan the terrible
which absolute ruler was so fond of gold that he built a 10,000 room palace full of it?
Louis XIV
Which absolute ruler dressed like a peasant to get close to the peasants and observe them?
Joseph II of austria
Which absolute ruler had lover kill spouse?
catherine the great
Which absolute ruler lost Armada trying to attack England?
Phillip of spain.
Which absolute ruler was fond of arts and was disliked by his father?
frederic the great
which Absolute rurler was beheaded, ending his reign?
Charles I
What napoleon established to help fight off british
continental system
Which absolute ruler was 6'8" tall
peter the great
who were the bourgeousie?
top of the 3rd estate, upper middle class
what were the cahiers
notebook of grievances made by each estate for Lous XVI
who were responsible for the reign of terror?
committee of public saffety
First Prime minister of england
robert walpole
any girl prime ministers? and if so who?
Margaret thatcher
What napoleon did to other countries in europe?
annexed
Wore knee breeches and supported the Jacobins
sans-culottes
what is estates general
all estates called to help king
napoleons last major defeat
Battle of Waterloo
Constitution of 1795 established what?
directory
first physical action of revolution
storming of the bastille
who exiled napoleon and where was he exiled to?
congress of vienna to Elba and St. Helena
Jacobin leader
Robespierre
movement to cities and build up of them is called...
urbanization
people of this movement believed that salvation could be achieved by good deeds.
social gospel
these people believed nature is beautiful, that they should get in touch with emotions, and go away from the enlightenment.
romantiscist
movement to get women the right to vote
women's suffrage
what are the haves and have nots?
haves-bourgeouisie
have nots-proletariat
list 3 events that led up to the industrial revolution
agricultural revolution, population explosion, energy revolution
idea that working class wouldd take over employers creating and equal society
communism
thinkers that believed little government intervention is okay as long as the most people were happy
utilitarians
marx believed this would have to be successful for communism to occur
capitalism
new form of government where all responsibility and wealth of society are spread evenly
socialism
what were 2 natural resources that allowed england to start revolution
iron and coal
what man believed population was outgrowing food and poor should have less babies
thomas malthus
artist tried to capture first glimps of what eye sees
impressionist
people tried to capture world as it was
realists
believed powers should be separated and there should be checks and balances
Baron de montesquieu
who thought people are good until corrupted by society
jean jacque rousseau
what are natural laws?
laws that govern human nature
what is a salon
informal social gathering at which writers, artists, and philosphers exchanged ideas.
what is baroque?
classical style of art in greek and roman tradition, often huge colorful and full of excitement.
what is rococo?
art that was personal, refined, elegent, and charming.
what is a constituional government?
government whose power is defined and limited by law
what is the prime minister?
head of cabinet in a parliamentary government, usually thte leader of the largest party in the legislature.
Who were the bourgeoisie?
the middle class
what was the tennis court oath?
an oath saying that they would not disband until a constitution was formed for france.
who were the emigres?
the nobles and clergymen who fled the french revolution
what is nationalism?
feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
who was napoleon?
military person from corsica who eventually rose to leader of france.
what is a plebiscite?
a ballot where voters either say yes or no to an issue.
what was the napoleonic code?
embodiment of principles like the equality of all citizens before the law, religious toleration, and advancement based on merit.
what is a blockade?
the shuhtting off of a port to keep people or supplies from going in or out.
what is laissez faire?
policy allow business tot operate with little or no government interference
who are physiocrats?
an enlightenment thinker who searched for natural laws to explain economics.
what is a philosophe?
enlightenment thinker who tried to apply the methods of science to improve society.
what is guerilla warfare?
fighting carried on through hit and run raids.
what is abdicating?
stepping down from a position of power.
what is legitimacy?
principle that removed monarchies.
what is an enclosure?
process of taking and fencing off public lands.
what is a factory?
place wwhere workerees and machines produced large amount of goods.
what are natural and human resources?
natural:supplies like wood, iron, and ore.
human:manpower for a workforce.
what is a turnpike?
privately owned road that charges a fee to people who use it.
what is child labor?
having children work at a young age.
what are unions?
workers in a group to make sure they are treated fairly
what are interchangeable parts?
parts that could be used in place of one another
what is the assembly line?
where parts were added one at a time so it increased production rate and made it cheaper.
what is the bessemer process?
process used to make iron into more durrable, more harder and lighter steel.
what is the horseless carriage?
carriage driven by a gasoline powered combustion engine
what are corporations?
businesses that are owned by many investors who buy shares of stocks.
what is a cartel?
an association to fix prices, set production quotas, or divide up markets.
What is social Darwinism?
the idea of survival of the fittest applied to war and economic competition.
who is otto von bismarck?
prime minister of prussia that united german states under prussian rule.
what is the chancellor?
Bismarck was the chancellor that wanted to keep france week while he built strong links with Austria and Russia.
Who is William I?
King of Prussia that caused war with france.
what is a kaiser?
the leader or president of germany.
Who is Giuseppe Mazzini?
revolutionary devoted to the cause of italian unity.
What is young italy?
a secret society thats goals were to constitute Italy, one, free, independent, republican nation.
Who is Camillo Cavour?
The new prime ministor of sardinia, wanted to make economy better and add land to italy.
Who is Giuseppe Garibaldi?
person that wanted to create and italian republic, recruited 100 volunteers and conquered italy from the bottom, these were called the red shirts.
Who is victtor Emmanuel II?
The first king of Italy crowned in 1861.
What is an anarchist?
People who want to abolish all government.