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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
condition of national economic independence
Triple Entente-
France, Britain, Russia
Smoot-Hawley Tariff (1930)-
tariff intended to protect US industry by erecting a high tariff
Triple Alliance-
Germany, Italy, and Austria-Hungary
Vladimir Lenin
took control with his Bolshevik party: reforms include nationalization of factories, farmland, banks, and church property. Lenin negotiated a separate peace with the Germans in 1918; the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk removed Russia from the war but granted to Germany Finland, Poland, the Baltic States, and the Ukraine plus a heavy war indemnit

Benito Mussolini:
founded the first fascist regime in Italy; an anti-democratic, anti-Marxist, anti-parliamentary government. Mussolini was asked to serve as prime minister after his 1922 March on Rome intimidated the Italian king. Mussolini soon made himself absolute dictator.
where Stalin made farms state property and made farmers state workers. Strongly opposed and brutally enforced; led to famine and death of tens of millions of farmers. To feed cities.
The League of Nations
led by Britain and France, condemned German rearmament but did nothing to stop it.
Battle of the Marne
: French and British stopped Germans from advancing in September 1914.

the right wing dictatorships of Hitler and Mussolini
Weimar Republic
: republic of Germany after abdication of Wilhelm in 1918

Reinsurance Treaty (1887)-
Treaty signed by Germany to show their support for Russia by supporting their desire to control the straights between the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Intended to prevent an alliance with Russia and France. Said neither country would attack each other; good for 5 years.
Dawes Plan- (1924f)
The result of renegotiated payments from Germany to the allies. It lowered their annual reparations and allowed them fluctuate according to German economy.
Schlieffen Plan
German plan for WWI to attack France first in one quick blow, then turn around and hit Russia. Called for immediate action and perfect timing.
Great Depression
- economic crisis worldwide caused by the damages if the first world war