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28 Cards in this Set

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Ferdinand Magellan
In 1519, he sailed for Spain. He attempted to be the first to sail the Pacific. Unfortunately, he died before he had a chance to, and his crew finished the journey.
John Cabot
He was from England. He found plentiful fish on an island and hastened to tell the king of England
Henry Hudson
He sailed for the Dutch first, then for the English. He discovered the Hudson Bay and the Hudson River.
Peter Minuit
He led a group of settlers to the mouth of the Hudson River and purchased Manhattan Island from the Indians. Minuit called the settlement New Amsterdam.
Marquette and Joliet
They were French explorers who traveled 700 miles up the Mississippi river.
Samuel de Champlain
He founded Port Royal, the first permanent French settlement in North America. He also built Quebec.
Robert de La Salle
He completed Marquette and Joliet's journey up the Mississippi nine years after their initial journey.
Cartier
He was a french explorer who traveled up the St. Lawrence River.
Ponce de Leon
He was a Spanish explorer who searched for the Fountain of Youth.
Pizzaro
He was a spanish conquistador who conquered the Incas.
Bartolome de Las Casas
Las Casas was the person who suggested to the spanish that they use Africans as slaves.
Hernando Cortes
He was a Spanish conquistador who conquered Monctezuma and the Aztecs.
Coronado
He was a Spanish exporer who searched for gold, but found none.
Balboa
He was a spanish man who discovered the Pacific Ocean and claimed it for Spain.
de Soto
He was a Spanish explorer who searched for gold, but found none. He found the mouth of the Mississippi river.
Massachusetts
The Puritans settled in the Massachusetts Bay Area. The first governor was John Winthrop.
Connecticut
Thomas Hooker broke away from the Puritans becuase he thought that the Government had too much power.
Rhode Island
Roger Williams purchased Rhode Island from the Indians. He also broke away from the Puritans. He was very kindly to Native Americans

He also beleived in religious tolerance.
Pennsylvania
William Penn founded Pennsylvania as a place where Quakers could be free of danger from other religions.
New York
The English took New Netherland from the Governor at the time, Peter Stuyvesant. Charles II gave it to his brother, the Duke of York. It was renamed New York.
Maryland
Sir George Calvert started the colony of Maryland. He died, and his son Lord Baltimore took over. Lord Baltimore wanted many colonist, and he gave people large land grants.
Virginia
Virginia was inhabited by Pilgrims. The Virginia Company got a land grant from the English king. The capitla was Jamestown.
New Jersey
The Duke of York thought that New York was too big to govern properly, so he gave some land to two of his friends (Lord Berkeley and Sir George Cateret). They called it New Jersey.
Delaware
The people in the area by the river in Pennsylvania thought that it was unfair that they had to send delagates all the way to the far away Philidelphia. Penn allowed them to have their own assembly, and they later broke away completely.
North Carolina
A group of eight English nobles started the Carolinas. Settlement took place in two areas.

North Carolina had mostly poor settlers
South Carolina
A group of eight English nobles started the Carolinas. Settlement took place in two areas.

The largest settlement in the south was known as Charles Town, later known as Charleston. The colony became knwon as South Carolina
Georgia
James Oglethorpe founded Georgia as a place where Debtors could start over.
New Hampshire
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