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32 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Cubism
unobjective school of painting
characterized by the reduction and fragmentation of natural forms into abstract
Democratic Socialism
by free and equal participation in government in United States
Environmentalism
works toward protecting the natural world from harmful human activities
Fascism
Benito Mussolini in Italy between 1922 and 1943 that was characterized by dictatorship, centralized control of private enterprise, repression of opposition, and extreme nationalism
Humanism
values, characteristics, and behavior that are believed to be best in human beings
Imperialism
political, military, or economic domination of one country over another
anarchism
Ideology that rejects the need for a system of government in society and proposes its abolition
anticolonialism
a policy opposing Imperialism
Islamic Fundamentlism
religion of Muslims, based upon the teachings of Muhammad
antiSemitism
discriminating against Jewish people: Nazi Regime
Capitalism
free competitive market and motivation by profit
Chrstian Fundamentalism
somebody who believes that Jesus Christ was sent to the world by God to save humanity, and who tries to follow his teachings and example
Communism
Marxist-Leninist version of a classless society in which capitalism is overthrown by a working-class revolution that gives ownership and control of wealth and property to the state
Conservatism
a right-of-center political philosophy based on a tendency to support gradual rather than abrupt change and to preserve the status quo
Corporatism
system of running a state using the power of organizations
Maoism
Marxist-Leninist doctrines, teachings, and policies of the former Chinese Communist leader Mao Zedong
Marxism
class struggle is a central element in the analysis of social change in Western societies
Marxism-Leninism
Marxism with the inclusion of Lenin’s idea that imperialism is the final stage of capitalism, and Lenin’s shifting of the focus of class struggle from industrialized to non industrialized societies
Militarism
Influence by military personnel and ideals in the government
Nationalism: West/Colonies
Achieve political independence:
West- Imperialism, defeat communism
East-Africa,China, Vietnam
Nazism
Adolf Hitler: central to it was a belief in the inherent superiority of a Aryan race
Socialism
means of production and distribution are controlled by equity and fairness rather than market principles
Neo-Colonialsim
domination by a Western nation of another nation that is politically independent but has a weak economy
Pacifism
belief that violence, and war are unacceptable ways of resolving disputes
Pan-Africanism
nations of Africa advocating freedom and independence for African people
Pan-Arabism
movement for greater cooperation among and self-reliance within Arab or Islamic nations
Secularism
belief that religious bodies should have no part in political or civic affairs
Pan-slavism
19th-century political and cultural movement advocating the union of all Slav people under the USSR
Zionism
19th century, that sought to establish and develop a Jewish nation in Palestine
Social Darwinism
discredited social theory stating that the political and economic advantages in a developed society are derived from the biological advantages of its collective membership
Stalinism
Joseph Stalin from Marxist-Leninist thought, which included centralized autocratic rule and total suppression of dissent
Totalitarianism
single party without opposition rules over life