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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
due process
principle that government must follow the same fair rules in all cases brought to trial.
seperation of powers
principle by which the powers of government are divided among separate branches.
judicial branch
branch of government that decides if laws are carried out fairly.
legislative branch
branch of government that passes laws.
- house of represenatives (determined by population {virginia plan})
- senate (two senators {new jersey plan})
executive branch
branch of government that carries out laws.
- forgien policy (make ambassadors, treaties, and executive agreements, meetings with other heads of state)
- highest ranking officer in the armed forces
- power to veto a bill
checks and balances
system by which each branch of government can check, or control, the actions of other branches.
to reject.
proposed law.
to overrule or set aside.
freedom to live as you please provided you obey the laws and respect the rights of others.
to ask that a decision to be reviewed by a higher court.
group of officials who head government departments and advise the president.
judicial review
power of the supreme court to decide if laws are carried out fairly.
bill of rights
the first ten amendments.
what are the five principles of government?
- limited government : federal government only has the power the people give to it.
- federalism : divided the power between national and state government.
- checks and balances : each branch has one-third of the power.
- seperation of powers : executive, judicial, and legislative branches.
- popular sovereignty : "we the people..."
what are the six goals of the constitution?
- form a more perfect union : seperation of powers
- establish justice : due process of law
- ensure domestic tranquility : police force
- provide for the common defense : armed forces
- promote the general welfare : education
- secure the blessings of liberty : bill of rights.
how does a bill become a law?
- a bill starts as an idea in the house of representatives or senate.
- it goes to the other house to be voted on
- if the other house makes changes to the bill, it must go back to the original house and be voted on again
- after it passes through the legislative branch it goes to the executive branch.
- if the president likes the bill, he signs it.
- if not, he vetos it and goes back to the legislative branch.
- if two-thirds of the legislative branch votes 'yes,' it becomes a law without the president's approval.