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30 Cards in this Set

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Cold War
A confrontation between enemies that does not involve a direct confrontation among these enemies (an actual war between them)
Truman Doctrine
Issued by US President Harry Truman; Was concerned about Great Britain pull out in Greece
Marshall Plan
Gave 13 billion dollars in aid to Europe to help it recover from World War II; US believed that Communist aggression would be successful in countries with economic problems
satellite states
Soviets responded with own economic plan for Eastern European nations
Berlin Air Lift
US airlifted supplies into West Berlin & Soviets finally lifted blockade
Iron Curtain
had now descended on Europe and the world
Cuban Missile Crisis
Soviets started to send aid and weapons to Cuba after Bay of Pigs; In 1962, Soviets were sending ships with nuclear weapons to Cuba
Warsaw Pact
Created in response to NATO ; Similar alliance between Soviets & Eastern European nations
NATO
Western European nations signed treaty with US and Canada which said that each nation would back up each other in case of an attack
Berlin Wall
Was built by Soviets to keep residents from fleeing because of the intense poverty in Eastern Europe
policy of containment
Keep communism within its existing boundaries and prevent further Soviet aggression
arms race
Both sides believed that huge arsenal of nuclear weapons would prevent war because of fear of total destruction
Berlin Wall
Was built by Soviets to keep residents from fleeing because of the intense poverty in Eastern Europe
Bay of Pigs
President Kennedy approved a secret plan for Cuban exiles in US to invade Cuba
Why didn’t the Soviet Union allow for free elections in the Eastern European nations that they occupied after the war?
Soviets thought they would become anti-Communists
How did the Berlin Air Lift end?
Month later, German Democratic Republic (East Germany) was created by the Soviets; Berlin was divided into East & West Berlin
What ended up happening to the country of Germany after World War II?
Germany was reunified
What ended up happening to the city of Berlin after World War II?
was divided up into four zones
Who became the Communist dictator of Cuba?
Fidel Castro
In 1949, who took control of the government in China?
Chinese communist
How did the Korean War end?
an armistice that divided Korea into North and South Korea
What was the agreement that ended the Cuban Missile Crisis?
the US pledged never to invade Cuba and Soviets pledged never to put nuclear weapons in Cuba
What does NATO stand for?
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Who became the two major super powers after World War II?
United States & Soviet Union
What created fear in each of the two super powers?
Differences in governments (democracy vs. communism)
United States believed that Communist aggression would be successful in countries with what kind of problems?
economic problems
What happened to the country of Germany after World War II?
Germany was divided up
What became a symbol of the Cold War?
Berlin Wall
Was the Bay of Pigs invasion successful?
no
Who issued the Truman Doctrine?
US President Harry Truman