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52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Northern economic base
factories, industries, cities
Southern economic base
plantations, farming, cash crops
Western economic base
wheats and edibles sent to the North. (continuation of South)
treatment of slaves/workers
slaves- the deeper south you got the harsher the treatments because of the number of slaves per plantation.
workers-treated harsh with no regard
Denmark Vessey
black man who bought his freedom with a lottery jackpot. preacher and carpentar. planned a raid but it fell through. 35 blacks including him were hung.
Nat Turner
black preacher. planned a raid. 55 white men killed with farming tools. he along with some other people involved got hanged.
cotton gin
invented by Eli Whitney. had interchangeable parts. made slavery more popular because it made the production of cotton quicker.
Eli Whitney
invented the cotton gin.
Manifest Destiny (John L. Sullivan)
the right for the U.S. to expand territory from East coast > West coast. (Coined phrase)
something that can be bought and sold.
household economy
when the families supported themselves by farming. produced just enough for the family to survive.
market revolution
changed living from household economy to people working in factories and having markets to buy from.
Mexican War
Treaty of Guadalupe
ended the Mexican War. U.S gained New Mexico, Arizona, Utah and Cali.
new concerns about slavery after Mexican War
the balance of free and slave states
someone against slavery
William Lloyd Garrison
abolitionist who produced anti-slavery newspaper
Uncle Tom's Cabin
written by Harriet Beecher Stowe to show the Northern whites the intensity of slavery. Made Queen Elizabeth weep.
John Brown
abolitionist. Harper's Ferry. Was eventually hung for his acts.
Abraham Lincoln
president who won the election of 1860. Civil War & 13th-15th amendments to stop slavery
Tariff of 1828 (Abominations)
caused seceding of SC
John C. Calhoun
from SC. supported slavery. dropped out of running for president to become Vice President
President Jackson
was in the senate. plantation owner in TN. Wins election against JQ in 1828
Stephen Douglas
introduced Kansas-Nebraska act
Harriet Tubman
one of the leaders of the Underground Railroad
Roger Taney
chief justice in Dred Scott case. stated we should help the slave owner, not the slave
Bleeding Sumner
when Preston Brookes beats Sumner over the head with a cane. (brain damage)
Missouri Compromise
made Missouri a slave state, and Maine a free state.
Compromise of 1850
made Cali. free and gave New Mexico and Utah the right to choose
Kansas-Nebraska Act
Stephen Douglas proposed it. states the territories should have the right to choose to be free or slave states
States' Rights
states have the right to nullify
Slave Power
nickname for the South
Cannibals All!
a book written by a slave owner who wanted to make it seem like the North was just as bad as the South because factory workers were practically slaves (responce to Uncle Tom's Cabin)
Republican Party
oppose Southern intrests
Dred Scott vs. Sanford
court case where a slave (DS) thought he had the right to be free because he and his owner moved from a slave state to a free state. he lost
free soiler
settler in Kansas supporting anti-slavery
Harpers Ferry
John Brown raid to get the slaves weapons (FAILED)
Fort Sumter
fort harbor in Charleston
Border States
states that had slavery but did not seperate from the Union with the South
Election of 1860
Lincoln wins against Douglass and Breckinridge. Causes South to seceed from the Union because he recieved not one vote from a southerner
Monroe Doctrine
warned European governments to stay out of America's buisness
American System
big gov., (JQ) make a better America (roads and canals)
National Republicans
strong government and national bank
Jacksonian Democrats
little government involvement (AJ)
John Quincy Adams (JQ)
ran for presidency in 1824 and won against AJ but lost to him in 1828.
Andrew Jackson (AJ)
loses to JQ in 1824 but wins against him in 1828.
2nd American Party system
when the National Republicans and the Jacksonian Democrats go vs. each other
Trail of Tears
AJ forced out the Cherokee indians and 1 out of 4 died.
Tariff of Abominations
high tax on imports meant to help the North
Martin Van Buren
president during the Panic of 1837
new name for National Republicans
William Henry Harrison
first Whig candidate