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8 Cards in this Set

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What was the Plessy v. Ferguson case?
It was in 1896. A man named Homer Plessy from Louisianna refused to leave a whites only car. He argued that the Louisianna law requiring segregation violated his right to equal protection. The Court ruled that the Louisianna law did not violate the 14th Amendment as long as both cars were of equal quality. This decision was accepted as the standard.
What was the Brown v. Board of Education case about and when was it?
1954, A girl named Linda Brown lived 7 blocks away from a white school but she had to walk 21 blocks to the black school. Her parent's thought she should be able to go to the local school. They took the school board to court with the help of the NAACP. It went to the Court. Thurgood Marshall presented evidence that seperate schools had harmful effects on both children. Blacks thought they were inferior and whites thought they were superior. The Court agreed their decision overturned the Plessy decision, saying that all segregation laws were unconstitutional.
What was the Regents of the University of California v. Bakke case about and when did it take place?
A school with an afirmative action program was the medical school of the University of California at Davis. The school reserved places in each entering class for African Americans, Hispanics, Asians, and Native American students. In 1973 and again in 1974 a white applicant was rejected from admission, although some members of other racial groups were admitted with lower grade point averages. Bakke took the University to court arguing that he was a victim of reverse discrimination. The Court ruled that it was unconstitutional for the school to discriminate against whites only because of their race. The Court stated that the race could be one of the factors considered if the school wished to create a more diverse atmosphere.
What was the Philips v. Martin Marietta Corporation case about and when did it take place?
Ida Philips applied for a position at Martin Marietta Corporation in FL. Part of the corp's screening process was to see if she had any small children. In the corp's view, small children take up a lot of a woman's time and energy, thus interferring with her work performance. Women such as Ida who had 2 pre schoolers were denied jobs for that reason. Ida was rejected, she took the case to court arguing that she had not been treated equally. The court ruled in favor of Ida saying that the company could not have one hiring policy for men and one for women.
Define segregation
separation of blacks and whites in public places.
Define affirmative action
Attempts to counteract the effects of past discrimination.
How is the Constitution flexible in terms of the Court?
The Court can make decisions which make an action legal or illegal. Court decisions must be obeyed by everyone. A Court decision can later be overturned by a later court decision.
Explain affirmative action in greater detail.
Affirmative action is when companies and univiersities must take steps towards accepting people of other races. It started in the late 1960's as a result of a civil right's movement.