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46 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
manifest destiny
belief that God intended the US to expand westward
john l. o' sullivan
magainze editor that came up with manifest destiny
tejanos
native mexicans who lived in texas
empresarios
people who agreed to recruit and take responsibility for new settlers
stephen f. austin
established a colony on the gulf of texas in 1822
causes of texas revolution
many us immigrants entered texas; in 1830, mexico closed the texas border bc they feared a rebellion/us invasion; mexican gov. prohibited the importation of slaves to texas; slaveholders feared that mexican authorities would restrict practice of slavery; texans classified their slaves as indentured servants; fear of cotton industry collapsing if the gov restricted slavery; santa anna was elected president and established dictatorial control over mex gov.
the alamo
teas rebels captured san antonio; santa anna went to san antonio to restore mexican rule; the alamo [a mission-fort built by the spanish]; 'remember the alamo'
the goliad
where general santa anna ordered that the surviving surrendered prisoners be excuted. 'remember goliad'
william travis
drew a line with his sword in the sand and said that any defenders that pass the line could leave; everyone stayed; fought off santa annas army with jim bowie at the alamo
jim bowie
fought off santa annaz army at the alamo with william travis
santa anna
ordered that surviving surrendered prisoners be excecuted at the goliad; angered mexicans by becoming president an makin mexico dictatorial
san jacinto
where santa anna was taken prisoner by sam houston; 630 mexicans killed while napping near the san jacinto river; in mexico
sam houston
commander of texas army; led battle of san jacinto an took santa anna prisoner
juan seguin
joined sam houston's army after escaping from being executed in mexico in the alamo to find reinforcements for the prisoners; mayor of san antonio
election of 1840
??
election of 1844
issue of western expansion; whig henry clay vs. democrat james k. polk; polk - dark horse; polk - wanted to add texas; clay - didnt wanna add texas; polk won
election of 1848
??
texas annexation (pros an cons)
pros - no worry that texas would become an ally of great britain; cons - slave/non slave states uneven, increases slave power in congress
causes of mexican conflict (pros an cons)
texas was added to union; mexico was willing to negotiate making its northern border the rio grande; polk wanted a way to justify war
john slidell
louisian lawyer sent by polk to negotiate with mexico to make its northern border the rio grande; unsuccesful
zachary taylor
general; sent by polk deeper into disputed territory when they changed their mind about negotiating
spot resolutions
??
winfield scott
general; led 10,000 us soldiers to capture a fortified castle in Veracruz on the Gulf of Mexico; attacked the heart of the mexican nation
treaty of guadalupe-hidalgo
ended the war on terms dictated by the US; mexico gave up all claims to texas; mexico gave up the mexican cesseion {cali, nevada, an utah, parts of arizona, colorado, new mexico, and wymoning}; us payed mexico $15 million and took over payment of damages calimed by americans against mexico; us granted ful citizenship to mexicans who lived in the mexican cession
gadsden purchase
us acquired parts of the present day arizona and new mexico
juan cortina
tejano; headed a rebellion; fled to mexico to avoid being inprisoned bc of shooting an wounding a texas marshal who was beatin a tejano wit his pistol
santa fe trail
trail westward from missouri to santa fe [now new mexico]
rendevouz system
method of doing business developed by william ashley; remaining in the mountains full time and gather once a year to sell their furs and purchase supplies; reduced expenses and increased profits
oregon trail
followed platte river acrossed great plains to the rockies, then descended into oregon along the snake and columbia rivers
narcissa whitman
arrived in oregon country wit her fam.; organized religous services and teaching in the mission school; provided meals and shelter to settlers who passed;
donner party
party that broke off from the oregon trail to go to cali
treaty of ft. laramie
each tribe at conference agreed to remain in a defined territory, not to attack settlers moving west, and allowed us gov. to build roads and forts in its territoy; us promised to make annual payments to the american indians and to honor each tribe's territorial boundaries
cayuse war
tribes fought back after us people poured into american indian lands
brigham young
led thousands of mormons to migrate to the mexican territory of utah in 1847
californios
first spanish settlers and their descendants in cali
agustus sutter
swiss adventurer who acquired a huge land grant from mexico; had an adobe fort and trading post near sacramento and american rivers; major stopping point along california trai
james marshall
detected flakes of heavy yellow metal at the bottom of a wooden canal used to divert water from the american river; worked for sutter
mariposa war
native american raids
donner party
party that broke off from the oregon trail to go to cali
treaty of ft. laramie
each tribe at conference agreed to remain in a defined territory, not to attack settlers moving west, and allowed us gov. to build roads and forts in its territoy; us promised to make annual payments to the american indians and to honor each tribe's territorial boundaries
cayuse war
tribes fought back after us people poured into american indian lands
brigham young
led thousands of mormons to migrate to the mexican territory of utah in 1847
californios
first spanish settlers and their descendants in cali
agustus sutter
swiss adventurer who acquired a huge land grant from mexico; had an adobe fort and trading post near sacramento and american rivers; major stopping point along california trai
james marshall
detected flakes of heavy yellow metal at the bottom of a wooden canal used to divert water from the american river; worked for sutter
mariposa war
native american raids