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22 Cards in this Set

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Who was credited with the invention of the phonograph, the telephone, electric light bulb, and the motion picture camera?
Thomas Alva Edison
What is the term Mise-en-Scene?
"What is put in the image", "what is placed in the scene."

- Refers to the properties of cinematic image that are independent of camera position, movement, and editing.

- Lighting
- Costumes, make-up
- Sets
- Props
- Actors & Quality of acting
What's the definition of a shot in cinematography?
The basic unit of cinematography: A continuously exposed, unedited piece of film of any length.
What are the components of a shot?
- Frame (what's inside/outside the view)
- Depth (deep focus vs. shallow focus)
- Movement (camera's re-positioning relative to the scene)
- Angles (height of camera relative to the subjects)
- Distance (How close/far away camera is relative to the subject)
- Duration (How long the shot last in time)
- Speed (how fast the camera is rolling, slow shooting = fast motion playback, fast shooting = slow motion playback)
What is ellipsis?
The shortening of the plot duration of a film by deliberately omitting intervals or sections of the narrative story or action.
What is a long take?
Any shot that continues for an extended period of time.
What is a long shot?
Figures are small relative to their surroundings.
What is a medium long shot?
Isolates one or more figures. Body is visible from the feet or knees up.
What is a medium shot?
Figures are shown from the waist up.
What is a medium close shot?
figures are shown from the mid-chest up.
What is a close-up?
Fills the screen with an object or figure of significance. Draws attention to details.
What is an extreme close-up?
Presents only part of a face or an object.
What is Parallel Editing or Crosscutting?
Technique in which film cuts back and forth between two actions to show parallel action. (2 things happening at the same time) Raises narrative tension of the scene.

Ex: One person fleeing and another in pursuit.

- Birth of a Nation: In the woods and at home: Flora and Gus/Ben
What type of film was George Melies - Trip to the Moon?
A narrative film

- Where there was talking from a narrator in the scenes throughout the film.
What are the components of modernism?
Fragmentation:
- Where the story and characters need not be connected and consistent; time and space may be in disarray. Unpredictable/uncharacteristic behavior.

Formalism:
- exploration of properties and limits of the material; a self-referential exploration.

Heightened Subjectivity:
- Modernists often carry out formal explorations in highly subjective styles while exploring unconscious impulses and personal visions not grounded in external reality.
What's the difference between modernist films in Germany and modernist films in Russia?
Germany:
- Modernist films stressed interiority and subjectivity of characters that were isolated from each other and from society
- Expressed disturbed states of mind, inner conflicts
- Emphasis on atmosphere, mood, Mise-en-Scene, and psychology.
- Set design was the most important aspect.

Russia:
- Soviet modernism attempted to create new type of film which critically engaged the viewer.
- Explored the materiality and formal qualities of the medium.
- Emphasized editing - Montage, made the viewer aware of the editing
- Editing was the most important aspect.
What is match editing/cuts of a continuity editing?
An element of one shot is carried over into the next shot to smooth the transition so viewers don't lose their orientation in the screen space.

Ex: Birth of a Nation: Flora gets water from the well
What is Point of View (POV) of a continuity editing?
known as “Shot-Reverse-Shot”, which 1) shows the shot of the character, then 2) shows what they see, and the 3) shot of the character’s reaction to what they saw.
What is eyeline match of continuity editing?
Where a character looks in the direction of another character even if that second character is not in the shot.

- Creates an imaginary line between the actor in the shot and the one off the screen

- A type of a POV shot
What is a metaphorical or associational cut?
Editing together two shots to create a symbolic meaning (i.e. workers
running from soldiers & cows being slaughtered to
show how workers are treated like soulless animals).
What is a contrast cut?
Two shots with opposite or oppositional
content are paired. It calls attention to radical
inequality and difference between the two scenes to
create an emotional/ethical response (i.e. starving man
begging for bread & rich man eating a huge turkey on a
sliver platter)
What is a parallel cut?
Editing between two different actions to show that they are happening at the same time.

Ex: Flora in the woods and Gus/Ben at home