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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
European powers staked claims on Africa
1890s
A small group of black elites emerged against the odds
1920-1930s
WWII-brought change to Africa as the continent became a provider of resources
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Cold War-communism helped isolated riots in countries
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Members of British colonies suggested that giving Africans legislative control/executive power was the only way to avoid violence
1949
Kwame Nkrumah
colonial governor of Ghana
Gamal Abdel Nassar
colonial governor of Egypt
The first country to gain independence in Africa
Algeria
Militant nationals begin organizing in Algeria
1947
Surprise guerilla attacks in Algeria on All Saints Day
1954
Leopold Senghor
One of the African elites who forced Charles de Gaulle to open peace talks (1960) and give Algeria independence (1962)
Charles de Gaulle opens peace talks with Algeria
1960
Charles de Gaulle give Algeria its independence
1962
Leopold II
had a great lust for territory/wealth in 1800s-1885, owned nearly 1 million square miles-1908, handed over empire to Belgians
Leopold II hands his empire to the Belgians
1908
Patrice Lumbumba
Started Movement National Comgolais in 1958, sparked resistance
Afrikaner uses apartheid
1948
Nelson Mandela-prison sentence
Leader of the African National Congress, South Africa, 1964
Formation of the Organization of African Unity
1963
Kwame Nkrumah
Nkrumahism
Gamal Abdel Nassar
Nasserism-Egypt
Hastings Banda
Grip over Malaqi
First upheavals in Africa
1958
Army intervention becoems necessary
1965
Abeid Karume
Dictator of Zanzibar
Jean-Bedel Bukass
Central African Republic-Dictator
Francisco Nguema
Equatorial Guinea-dictator
Idi Anin
Uganda-dictator
oil shocks occur
1973
Black Africa's debts rise 6 billion to 38 billion
1970-80
WHO shows staggeting AIDS statistics
1990
Uganda and Senegal launch AIDS programs
1980s
President Bush writes Mobutu a letter asking him to resign
1993
Steven Biko
1970s activist who had a plan for change
F.W. de Klerk
Past S. African president
Mandela released from prison
Feb 11, 1990
Nelson Mandela elected president
April 26, 1994
Black Hawk Down in Somalia
1993
Clinton embarks on comprehensive tour of Africa
1998
NEPAD launched
2001