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44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Olive Branch Petition
peace petition; delegates declared loyalty to king
Green Mountain Boys
Vermont colonial militia led by Ethan Allen; made a surprise attack on Ticonderoga
Continental Army
army established by the Second Continental Congress to fight the British
Patriot
colonist who favored war against Britain
Loyalist
colonist who remained loyal to Britain
Battle of Bunker Hill
first major battle of the Revolution
blockade
the shutting of a port to keep people or supplies from moving in or out
mercenary
soldier who fights merely for pay, often in a foreign country
Thomas Paine
political philosopher and essayist during the American Revolution
"Common Sense"
essay by Thomas Paine that urged the colonies to declare independence
Richard Henry Lee
leader during the American Revolution who made a resolution that gave rose to the Declaration of Independence
Thomas Jefferson
wrote the Declaration of Independence
Declaration of Independence
document stating that the 13 colonies were a free and independent nation
traitor
person who betrays his or her own country
preamble
introduction to a declaration, constitution or other official document
natural rights
rights that belong to all people from birth
Battle of Long Island
battle in New York where more than 1,400 Americans were killed, wounded or captured
Nathan Hale
American spy who was hung in New York by the British; "I only regret that I have but one life to lose for may country."
Battle of Trenton
battle in New Jersey in whcih George Washington's troops captured a Hessian encampment in a surprise attack
General John Burgoyne
British general who had a plan to cut off New England from the rest of the colonies; defeated at the Battle of Saratoga
Battle of Saratoga
the first major American victory in the Revolution; ended the British threats to New England
Marquis de Lafayette
French noble who brought trained soldiers to help the Patriot cause
Friedrich von Steuben
came from Prussia and helped train Washington's troops to march and drill
Thaddesu Kosciusko
Polish engineer who helped build forts and other defenses
Valley Forge
Pennsylvania site of Washington's Continental Army encampment during the winter of 1777-1778
ally
nation that works with another nation for a common purpose or goal
cavalry
troops on horseback
Mary Ludwig Hays
known as Molly Pitcher for carrying water to soldiers; took her husbands place when wounded
Peter Salem
Black soldier who played an important role in Battle of Bunker Hill
George Rodgers Clark
led Virginia frontier fighters; got British to surrenfder at Vincennes with small force
Bernardo de Galvez
governor of Spanish LA who secretly supplied Patriots medicine, cloth, muskets and gunpowder; then he seized British forts along Missip River; Galveston, TX named after him
John Paul Jones
Navy commander who was at the helm of Bonhomme Richard and attacked the British warship Serapis; British surrendered
Henry Clinton
British commander who marched south to win Loyalists; captured Savannah, GA and Charleston, SC
Charles Cornwallis
British General in charge of troops in South; his defeat at Yorktown, VA ended the war
Nathanael Greene
Patriot General of CA in South; ability as a military leader was second only to Washington
Daniel Morgan
Patriot General who won the Battle of Cowpens(one of the bloodiest), SC; divide front line and rear line
Francis Marion
"Swamp Fox" - He used guerrilla or hit-and-run tactics to harass the British
Benedict Arnold
American traitor who captured and burned Richmond, VA; never captured
Comte de Rochambeau
led French soldiers, along with CA, to Yorktown to trap Cornwallis
Battle of Yorktown
final major action of the Revolution; British surrendered on October 19, 1781
Treaty of Paris
peace treaty between US and Britain; ratified in 1783; recognized the US as an independent nation
guerrila
soldier who uses hit-and-run tactics
siege
military blockade or bombardment of an enemy town or position in order to force it to surrender
ratify
to approve