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75 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Father of USSR
Lenin
1917-1924
Lenin
Studied Marx's communist manifesto
Lenin
led bolshevik revolution w/Trotsky in 1917
Lenin
abolished private land ownership and civil liberties
Lenin
began process of placing minorities in concentration camps
Lenin
model for 20th century dictator
Lenin
forbade opposition political parties
Lenin
Man of Steel
Stalin
1927-1953
Stalin
killed trotsky
Stalin
pushed for rapid industrialization (5 yr plan)
Stalin
Collective farming to raise money-> famine
Stalin
continued concentration camps and purged enemies
Stalin
created one part and society
stalin
established the secret police (KGB) and the GULAG (prison system)
Stalin
utilized propaganda
Stalin
1958-1964
Khrushchev
Denounced Stalin
Khrushchev
attempted agricultural imprrovement (failed)
khrushchev
attempted to improve relations with West
Khrushchev
encouraged arts
Khrushchev
cuban missle crisis- qustions of his leadership
Khurshchev
removed from office
Krushchev
1964-1982
Brezhnev
2nd longest leader
Brezhnev
conservative and reestablished tight control of USSR
bezhnev
allowed no critcism of Krushchev
Brezhnev
invaded Afghanistan (failure) known as "the Soviet's Vietnam"
Brezhnev
Expanded education programs
Brezhnev
economy stagnated (food rationed, too few consumer goods, people starved)
Brezhnev
high military spending
Brezhnev
Signed SALT (Strategic arms limitaion treaty) w/USA carter (reduced nuclear weapons)
Brezhnev
curshed uprisings in Satellite NAtions
Brezhnev
1983-1984
Andropov
former head of KGB (secret police)
Andropov
tried to reform and end corruption in the party
Andropov
advanced the career of Gorbachev
Andropov
1984-1985
Chernenko
oldest man to lead USSr
chernenko
lacked initiative
chernenko
1985-1991
Gorbachev
met with reagan several times
gorbachev
signed a treat w/US which further reduced nuclear arms
gorbachev
cut military spending
gorbachev
established 2 major reform policies
gorbachev
Glasnost (what was it)
allowed for more open discussion (first sign of freedom of speech)
Perestroika (what was it?)
tried to restructure the economy of USSR
what did Glasnost and Perestroika cause that was bad?
ethnic tensions
Nobel Prize winner in 1990
Gorbachev
goal was to reform party but abolishes it
gorbachev
CIS (what it stands for)
commonwealth of Independent states)
1991-1999
Yeltsin
first elected leader of new CIS
yeltsin
pressured west for financial aid and helped restore russia's rep
Yeltsin
1996: had heart attack and communists seize moment to try and impeach him
yeltsin
may 1999- survived impeachment vote over chechnya crisis
yeltsin
becomes unpopular and unpredictable
yeltsin
appoints putin as prime minister
yeltsin
resigned presidence on Dec 31 1999
yeltsin
legacy was guiding russia through democracy and reform
yeltsin
2000-present
putin
former KGB colonel
Putin
won election in 2000 n 2004
putin
orginally stated that he desires to maintain good relations w/west (supports US in afghanistan but not in iraq_
putin
hard line supporter of action against chechen rebels
putin
admits cant achieve western style democracy n economy
putin
has announced overhaul of political system
putin
has blamed continued chechen terrorism on democracy
putin
won 2nd term by 70% majority
putin
concerned about ongoing negative pop growth rate, cyclical poverty and housing concerns
putin
prosecuted russia's richest man (khodorkovsky), president of yukos oil company, for fraud and tax evasion
putin
has forced independent tv stations critical of the gov't off the air
putin
appoints top military commanders, and chooses country's prime minister and top judges
putin
sets basic parameters of foreign and domest policy, can rule by decree, and can veto laws passed by parliament
putin