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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the moajority of white Americans, neither rich nor poor; a lot of transiency occured.
middling classes
noxious slum that the poor crowded into
New York's Five Points District
one who travels from place to place
women were demanding and winning voice in areas that they were deemed particularly competent
doctrine of seperate spheres
children questioned parental authority; young men left home to begin their own life earlier, and young women chose whether they would marry and whom it would be
a prominant architect who published plans for peaceful single family homes that he hoped would offset the "spirit of unrest" and the feverishpace of American life
Andrew Jackson Downing
the vote; the right to vote
to render or declare legally void or inoperative
wealth(money) used or capable of being used in the production of more wealth
founded upon or involving the perfection of politics, law, and human realtions
behavior differing from the normal, accepted behavior and/or moraltiy of society
neediness, poverty
gold, silver, or coined money( as opposed to paper)
the act or right of purchasing before othersor in preference to others
one who settles on land, especially public or new land, without title or right.
steamboats, canals, and railroads were built to help people and produce transportation in the 1830's
transportation revolution
the condition of being without means of support and living on public or private charity
before the war; pre-Civil War
the Indians pressed for protection from expellation and Marshall favored them.
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia and Worchester v Georgia
moving frequently from place to place( as opposed to establishing permanent residency over long periods)
a collective belief that is built up in response to the wishes of a group rather than having a base in fact
crops and western land prices plumetted and many speculators were ruined with the National Bank crisis and depression
Panic of 1819
roamed and trapped on the Great Plains and beyond
"mountain men": Kit Carson, Jedidiah Smith, and Jim Beckwourth
created American trading company
John Jacob Astor
his invention of a steamboat and the institution of a regular ferry service on all the major rivers improved transportation
Robert Fulton. the Clermont, and the Livingston-Fulton monopoly
gave the president(Jackson) the power to move all Native Americans, by force of neccessary, west of the Mississippi River.
Indian Removal Act of 1830
lowered freight rates to a fraction of what they had been and made New York City a leading outlet for midwestern produce
Erie Canal
Cherokees, Choctaws, Creeks, Chickasaws, and Seminoles got in the way of westward moving white settlers.
Five Civilized Tribes
the industrial arts; technical advances in production methods
The Sac, Fox, and other Northeastern Indians put up resistance to relocation
Black Hawk War
created an industrial boom in both the north and south
Eli Whitney, the cotton gin, and interchangeable parts
The Supreme Court decided against the Livingston-Fulton monopoly.
Gibbons v. Ogden
opened the first American cotton spinning mill in Rhode Island, but the weaving was still given to women working in their homes.
Samuel Slater
Jackson ignored the courts ruling and ordered Indians to cede their land and travel the Trail of Tears westward.
Trail of Tears
first to concentrate total cloth production within factory; Lowell women staged two of the largest strikes in American history up to that date
Boston Associates, Waltham and Lowell Mills
growing crops to feed and satisfy the needs of the farmer and his family' not cash crops for sale on the market
subsistence agriculture
specified payments made at intervals for a period of time, often for life
a court order to a person or persons to do or not do a particular thing
the offspring of one whited and one black parent: a person of mixed black and white ancestry
the land owned by the government
public domain
he cited the" general equality of condition among the people" as the fundamental shaping force of American society
Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America
growing crops for sale on the market; farming as a business, big or small
commercial agriculture