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73 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
nationalism
too many counrtues were
1st source of tention prior to WWI
having to much pride for their country and lots of ethnic goiups didn't have their own country
political rivalries/imperialism
2nd source of tention prior to WWI
European nations start compeating for colonies
alliance system
2 types
3rd source of tention
1. triple alliance- Italy, Austria-Hungary, and Germany. 2. triple entente- France, Great Britain and Russia.
alliance
when 2 orm ore countries join together
strongest of alliance's
triple entente
militarism
4th source of tention
belief/reliance of having a strong military
Archduke __________, assassinated by __________(member of _____) , because ______________. 1
Archduke Francis Ferdinand assassinated byGavrilo Princip (member of the Black hand) because he wantd Bosnia to be free of Austria- hungary and become part of Serbian kingdom.
Austrian leaders sent an ______ to Serbia. 2
ultimatum
ultimatun
final demand
blank check 3
when Germany tell austria- hungary they will support then no matter what
Czar _________ ordered partial ___________ of russian army against austria-hungary
czar NicholasII ordered a partial mobilization
mobilization
preparing for war. moving soldiers to the front line
Schlieffen plan 4
german plan. says if two front war happens. attack france through denmark first and then attack russia.
propoganda
ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause
trench warfare
fighting from ditches protected by barbed wire
war of attribution
a war based on wearing the other side down by sonstant attacks and heavy losses
total war
everything does toward war and involves complete mobilization
planned economy
economic system directed by government agencies
no mans land
the area between ditches
Eastern front
russia got defeated and was no longer a threat to Germany. Italy joined triple entente and became the allied powers or allies.German autrian army defeated russia knocking them back to their own territory and almost out of the war ith 2.5 million dead or hurt
Western front
battle or marne. stops german advance into paris.turned into a stalemate. Trench warfare for 4 or 5 years
battle of tannenburg and masurian lakes
russia was defeated
battle of marne
stops german advance into paris
battle of verdun
700,000 men killed battle over verdun
gallipoli campaign
gallipoli- sw of constantinople. forced allies to withdraw b/c general took tea time.
lawrence of arabia
british officer. urged arab princes to revolt against their ottoman overlords. Arabs were promised independence.
3 reasons why the US got involved in the war
lusitania got sunk, unrestricted bubmarine warfare and zimmerman telegram
Lusitania
100 americans on board. sunk by germans.
unrestricted submarine warfare
germans started back on this- any ships passingto britain or france get sunk
zimmerman telegram
germans asked mexico if they would like to join central powers and attack US. mexico said no
war of attribution
a war based on wearing the other side down by sonstant attacks and heavy losses
total war
everything does toward war and involves complete mobilization
planned economy
economic system directed by government agencies
no mans land
the area between ditches
Eastern front
russia got defeated and was no longer a threat to Germany. Italy joined triple entente and became the allied powers or allies.German autrian army defeated russia knocking them back to their own territory and almost out of the war ith 2.5 million dead or hurt
Western front
battle or marne. stops german advance into paris.turned into a stalemate. Trench warfare for 4 or 5 years
battle of tannenburg and masurian lakes
russia was defeated
battle of marne
stops german advance into paris
battle of verdun
700,000 men killed battle over verdun
gallipoli campaign
gallipoli- sw of constantinople. forced allies to withdraw b/c general took tea time.
lawrence of arabia
british officer. urged arab princes to revolt against their ottoman overlords. Arabs were promised independence.
3 reasons why the US got involved in the war
lusitania got sunk, unrestricted bubmarine warfare and zimmerman telegram
Lusitania
100 americans on board. sunk by germans.
unrestricted submarine warfare
germans started back on this- any ships passingto britain or france get sunk
zimmerman telegram
germans asked mexico if they would like to join central powers and attack US. mexico said no
isolationists
won't get involved with anyone elses business
read total war in hisotyr book
yes
allied powers
great britain, france, russia, serbia, italy, US, japan
Central powers
germany, austria- hungary, ottoman empire and bulgaria
new weapons of WWI
machine guns
tanks
airplanes
submarines
dept chargers
mines
poinson gas
flame throwers
soviets
russian council composed of representatives from the workers and soldiers
war communism
government control of banks and most industries, seizing of grain from peasance and centralization of state administration under communist rule.
Alexandra
german born wife of Czar nicholas II. willful and stuborn. fell under influence of grigori rasputin
Grigori Rasputin
uneducated siberian peasanet who claimed to be a holy man. haled alexis, alexandra's son of hemophidia (bleading)
alexander kerensky
head of provisional gov, decided to stay in war to preserve russia's honor
bolsheviks
communists. dedicated to violent revolution under leadership of V I LININ
V.I. Linin
leader of Bolsheviks, believed that only violent overthwo of gov could destroy capilatist system and will make no classes
leon trotsky
commissar of war, head of red army. believed in rigid discipline
break deadlock in western front
germans attacked but troops defeated them. american troops were sent to france and began a steady movement toward germany
armastice
november 11 signed agreement to stop fighting but not stopping war
treaty of versailles
german borders were stripped of soldiers and weapons. ordered germany to pay reparations for all damageb/c of war
reparations
ordered germany to pay reparations for all damage bc of war in treaty of versailles
war guilt clause article 231
blames german for war
David Loyd George
england prime minister
George Clemengsie
France leader
Woodrows 14 points
basis for peace settlement, reach peace openly not through secret diplomacy, democratic govs, reduce militarism, political indepedence
provisional government
temporary government
lenin's slogan about bolsheviks
"peace, land, and bread"
russian revolution
bolshevisk come to power. bloodless. provisional gov overthworn, everyone's not happy and war breaks out
treaty of brest- litovsk
treaty b/x russians and germand when russians surrendered. huger amount of land was given to germans
Russia got official new name
USSP
Union of Soviet Socialists Republic
Effects of WWI
redrawn ma, lost lots of land, new nation-states emerged, ottoman empire broken up, 24 million killed, germany blamed US didn't want anything to do with league of nations
league of nations
meet and help solve disputes