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47 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Pizarro
Spanish conquistadore who conquered the Incas
Cortez
Spanish conquistadore who conquered the Aztecs
Cabot
First European to discover Newfoundland in 1497
Columbus
Italian who sailed for Spain in 1492.
Cahokia
Largest Native American City Pre-European contact (near the mississippi)
Incas
With the help of disease Pizarro conquered these native peruvian people.
Conquistardores
Spanish conquers in search of three G's.( Pizarro & Cortez )
Magellan
In the 1520's this navigator became the first to circumnavigate the earth.He Died in the phillipines at the hands of the natives.
Bering Land Bridge
Ice Bridge 20,000 - 16,000 BC
Jamestown
Site in 1607 of the first permanent English settlement in the New World.
John Smith
Settles Jamestown in 1607for the glory of England and for his own gain. He ensures the survival of the colony.
Pocahontas
Powhatan Princess who helps ensure the survival of Jamestown by being bridge between Natives and the English. She later converts to Christianity and moves to England with John Rolfe, her husband.
Birth of American Slavery
Tobacco enfluences a need for First African slaves come to Virginia in 1619. There were already examples in South Amer., Centeral Amer., and the Carribean.
Roger WIlliams
Advocate for religious freedom. Founded Rhode Island which later received a charter and became a beacon for religous freedom.
Paleolithic
“Old Stone Age” One Million to 10,000 BC
Neolithic
“New Stone Age” 10,000 to present?
William Penn
Proprietor sent by Charles II. Founded Pennsylvania. Believed in spiritual freedom, and friendly white-Indian relations.
Puritans and Puritan Ideology
Argued the Church of England was still too Catholic. Believed in pre-destination. Believed in “good in an evil world”.
Bacon’s Rebellion
1676 Nathaniel Bacon does not like the wealth in the Virginia colony. He asks William Berkley to start a militia to combat natives and is denied. Bacon creates one any and turns them on Berkley.
The Navigation Acts
1660- England begins to control colonies by closing trade to colonies except from Brittan. All goods sent to the colonies had to go through England. England sent enforcers.
Deism
Religion of the Enlightnement. Clockmaker theory of God created the world then left it alone. Many believed in it Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin.
Huguenots
1685- French Calvinists (religious refugees). First non English Europeans to the colonies. 300,000.
William Berkley
Sent by the royals to be governor of Virginia.
Poor Richard’s Almanac
Almanac written by Benjamin Franklin. Gave information such as medical advice, navigational tips, agricultural information, weather, and even some jokes.
The Enlightenment
Time period known as the enlightenment climaxed at 1740. It was a time for new ideas, reason, science, and literacy. The period brough about advancing technology, more printed materials, ideas of public education and more.
The Great Awakening
COlonial growth had caused people to move away from the church but in 1734 the first known religious revival took place. Mostly women found appeal in redevotion to God.
The Stono Rebellion
In South Carolina 100 slaves rose up against the whites, and tried to excape. Several white were killed. This was a cause for major fear of in the South for the white community.
George Whitefield
Most known preacher of his time. Wrote Amazing grace during the period of the enlightenmen.
Concept and example of “Middle Grounds”
Where many cultures come together, such as the natives and European traders both English and French. ( The Ohio Valley )
Cotton Mather
1720 – Preacher who dified the norms of preachers of the time by using science to try and better peoples lives. He had an idea injecting small amounts of disease into people to create anti-bodies. His ideas and work during the Enlightenment gave us a basis of some of the medical techniques we use today.
Metacom
Wampanoag leader also know as King Phillip by the colonists. Mastermind of uprising in King Phillips war. Captured and executed by colonists.
John Winthrop
Puritan governor of the Mass., came over with the Mass. Bay Colony
George Grenville
Prime Minister who introduced the sugar act.
Metacom
Wampanoag leader also know as King Phillip by the colonists. Mastermind of uprising in King Phillips war. Captured and executed by colonists.
John Winthrop
Puritan governor of the Mass., came over with the Mass. Bay Colony
George Grenville
Prime Minister who introduced the sugar act.
Patriarchal Puritanism
Puritanism where high-value is place on family and home life. All of a woman’s life is her husband, children and home. Absolute male authority.
Early Differences Between North and South; Social and Economic
The north came to rely on indentured servants and became much more industrialized. The south remained highly agricultural and started plantations where there was a need for a labor intensive workforce (slaves).
Benjamin Franklin
Man of the enlightenment. He was a deist and a scientist. He created Poor Richards Almanac.
The Salem Witch Trials
Trial of mostly women who defied the puritan norm. Mostly they were independent, single, and older. Many factors may have caused this, moving away from the church, patriarchy, and isolation.
Albany Plan
Plan initiated in 1754 for English to create alliances with the Iroquois Indians to better their chances in struggles against France.
Iroquois Confederacy
Iroquois tribes in upstate New York (Seneca, Cayuga, Mohawk and more) who had a democratic style of government and may have gave the founding fathers a foundation for the constitution.
William Pitt
In 1763 William Pitt is a big part of the French and Indian wars. He is a brutal leader and wanted to win at all costs.
The “Middle Passage”
Before 1670 100% of the 15 mil. African slaves went through this passage to get to the colonies.
Patriarchal Puritanism
Puritanism where high-value is place on family and home life. All of a woman’s life is her husband, children and home. Absolute male authority.
Early Differences Between North and South; Social and Economic
The north came to rely on indentured servants and became much more industrialized. The south remained highly agricultural and started plantations where there was a need for a labor intensive workforce (slaves).
Benjamin Franklin
Man of the enlightenment. He was a deist and a scientist. He created Poor Richards Almanac.