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8 Cards in this Set

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The Atlantic Charter
(1941)President Franklin Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill call for a postwar world that respects “the right of all peoples to choose the form of government under which they will live”—principle of self-determination
In 1945 Ho Chi Minh hopes U.S. will honor Charter by recognizing Vietnam’s independence
Dien Bien Phu 1954
•Gen. Navarre puts 13,000 troops at remote outpost
.Giap surrounds with 50,000 troops
•Siege prevents air support from March 27 until French surrender, May 7
Ngo Dinh Diem
•No tolerance for dissent--effort to imprison or execute former Viet Minh fighters who support Ho
•Corruption: wealth and position to family members and Catholic elite
•Growing opposition from Communists, Buddhists, and nationalists of many ideologies
Ho Chi Minh, 1890-1969
•1930: Founder of Vietnamese Communist Party
•1941: Founder of the Viet Minh (League for Vietnamese Independence). Communist-led but recruits widely
•Leads uprising against France and Japanese during World War II
•Declares independence on Sept. 2, 1945. American officers attend ceremony
NSC #68
National Security Council produced a secret memo before the Korean War even started- deemed that the U.S. would have to triple its military spending to be a major power- the Korean War came about as sort of a blessing.
The 38th parallel
divided Korea into North-Soviets install Communist Kim Il Sung- South-U.S. installs right-wing dictator: Syngman Rhee
Great Migration
(1910-1960)Movement of African Americans from South to North: Largest internal mass migration in U.S. history.
1910: 90 percent of African Americans live in South
1960: 50 percent live in South
Journey of Reconciliation
(1947)Forerunner of 1961 Freedom Rides--Two week trip (8 blacks, 8 whites) through upper South. Planned by Congress of Racial Equality (founded in 1942 and inspired by Gandhi)Riders arrested numerous times. Judge Henry Whitfield in North Carolina: “It’s about time you Jews from New York learned that you can’t come down here bringing your niggers with you to upset the customs of the South.”