Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/61

Click to flip

61 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
NAME ALL 4 TYPES OF CASTLES
1. MOTTE AND BAILEY
2. STONE KEEP
3. CONCENTRIC
4. ARTILLERY FORT
IN A MOTTE AND BAILEY CASTLE, WHAT IS THE BUILDING ON TOP OF THE HILL CALLED?
THE KEEP
WHAT DO YOU CALL A RIVER SURROUNDING A CASTLE?
A MOAT
WHAT IS THE FENCE CALLED THAT IS AROUND A MOTTE AND BAILEY CASTLE?
THE PALISADE
WHAT IS THE BIG HILL CALLED IN A MOTTE AND BAILEY CASTLE WHERE THE BUILDING IS?
THE MOTTE
WHAT DO YOU CALL A BRIDGE THAT CAN BE PULLED UP SO NO INTRUDERS CAN GET IN?
A DRAWBRIDGE
WHAT IS THE AREA CALLED SURROUNDING THE HILL IN A MOTTE AND BAILEY CASTLE?
THE BAILEY
WHAT DO YOU CALL THE LITTLE HOUSES IN THE BAILEY OF A MOTTE AND BAILEY CASTLE?
HUTS
TRUE OR FALSE: THERE ARE NO STABLES IN THE BAILEY
FALSE
WOULD THERE BE A KITCHEN IN THE BAILEY OF A MOTTE AND BAILEY CASTLE?
YES
WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES OF A MOTTE AND BAILEY CASTLE?
CASTLES HAD STRONG WALLS SO ATTACKERS COULD NOT KNOCK THEM DOWN. TO MAKE IT EVEN TOUGHER THOUGH, THERE WAS A MOAT AROUND THE MOTTE AND PALISADE, SO THE ATTACKERS HAD LESS CHANCE OF GETTING INTO THE CASTLE. ALSO THERE WAS A MOTTE WHICH WAS VERY DIFFICULT TO CLIMB
WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES OF BUILDING A CASTLE OUT OF WOOD AND EARTH?
THEY ARE FREELY AVAILABE, AND YOU CAN BUILD THINGS VERY QUICKLY
WHAT ARE THE DISADVANTAGES OF BUILDING A CASTLE OUT OF WOOD AND EARTH?
THE WOOD CAN BE BURNT AND OVER THE YEARS THE WOOD CAN ROT
IN MEDIEVAL TIMES HOW MANY WAYS OF GETTING TO HEAVEN WERE THERE?
4
NAME THE WAYS OF HOW TO GET TO HEAVEN IN MEDIEVAL TIMES
1. CONFESSING YOUR SINS IN CHURCH
2. GOING ON A PILGRAMAGE
3. BUYING YOUR WAY INTO HEAVEN
4. BECOME A NUN OR A MONK
HOW MANY WAYS WERE THERE OF NOT GETTING INTO HEAVEN?
4
NAME ALL OF THE WAYS OF HOW NOT TO GO TO HEAVEN
1. PINCHING THINGS
2. SINNING
3. FIGHTING
4. GETTING MARRIED WHEN YOU ARE EITHER A NUN OR A MONK
NAME ONE WAY PEOPLE COULD LEARN IN MEDIEVAL TIMES
LOOKING AT WALL PAINTINGS CALLED MURALS
WHERE DID YOU HAVE TO GO TO CONFESS YOUR SINS?
CHURCH
WHAT WAS THE CHURCH SERVICE THAT YOU HAD TO ATTEND EVERY SUNDAY CALLED?
MASS
WHERE DID PEOPLE GO ON THEIR PILGRAMAGES?
TO THE SHRINE OF A GREAT SAINT
WHEN YOU DIED WHERE COULD YOU GO?
HEAVEN, PURGATORY OR HELL
HOW COULD YOU MOVE FROM PURGATORY TO HEAVEN?
THEY HAD TO BE SORRY FOR THEIR SINS
WHAT DID PEOPLE LEAVE FOR PEOPLE AFTER THEY WERE DEAD?
THEY LEFT MONEY FOR PEOPLE TO SAY PRAYERS FOR THEM WHEN THEY WERE DEAD
WHAT DID RICH PEOPLE PAY FOR WHEN THEY DIED?
COLLEGES TO BE SET UP, WHERE PRIESTS DID NOTHING BUT PRAY FOR THEIR SOUL AND PERHAPS FOR OTHER DEAD MEMBERS OF THEIR FAMILY
WHAT DID LESS WELL-OFF PEOPLE PAY FOR AFTER THEIR DEATH?
THEY PAID TO JOIN GUILDS (ASSOCIATIONS) WHICH COULD ARRANGE TO HOLD MASSES (CHURCH SERVICES) FOR THEIR SOUL AFTER THEY DIED
WHAT WERE PARDONERS TRAVELLING AROUND, TRYING TO SELL?
PARDONS THAT RICH PEOPLE COULD BUY TO GET TO HEAVEN STRAIGHT AWAY
AT WHAT TIME OF THEIR LIFES DID MANY WOMEN BECOME A NUN?
WHEN THEY WERE WIDOWED
WHAT DID NUNS EAT IN THE MORNING?
BREAD AND ALE
WHAT DID NUNS EAT AT MIDDAY?
BEEF, PORK OR BACON
WHAT DID NUNS EAT FOR SUPPER?
A LIGHT MEAL OF FISH
HOW DID NUNS COMMUNICATE?
MOST OF THE TIME BY SIGN LANGUAGE
WHAT DID PEOPLE DO IN THE GREAT HALL OF A CASTLE?
ATE, SPENT TIME WHEN BAD WEATHER AND USED IT AS A COURT ROOM
WHAT DID PEOPLE DO IN THE SOLAR OF A CASTLE?
USED IS AS A SITTING ROOM FOR MAINLY FEMALES
WHAT WAS THE WARDROBE FOR IN A CASTLE?
FOR FAMILY CLOSE AND AN IRON BOX STORING, GOLD, MONEY, SILVER AND JEWELLERY
WHAT WAS THE GARDEROBE?
A TOILET THAT EMPTIED IN PIT/MOAT. SMALL PLACE ON THE WARDROBE WALL
WHAT DID THE SENESCHAL/STEWARD DO?
INCHARGE OF THE MONEY THE MARKETS HAD COLLECTED AND WERE INCHARGE OF THE COURTS WHERE THE BARON WAS LAWED
WHAT DID THE WARDROBER DO?
TOOK IN MONEY, PAID BILLS AND KEPT ACCOUNTS
WHAT DID THE CHAPLAIN DO?
INCHARGE OF THE PREIST AND CHAPELS. LOOKED AFTER THE CLARKS WHO WROTE THE ACCOUNTS
WHAT DID THE MARSHALL DO?
SUPERVISED OUTDOOR SERVANTS, GROOMS AND BLACKSMITHS. ARRANGED ALL MORNING SPORTS, DEER HUNTING, HAWKING
HOW WOULD YOU STOP THE PALISADE BEING BURNT DOWN?
BUILD A STONE ONE
HOW WOULD YOU STOP PEOPLE DIGGING UNDER THE CASTLE FOR ONE OF THE WALLS TO FALL DOWN?
DIG AND FILL A MOAT AROUND THE CASTLE
HOW WOULD YOU STOP PEOPLE RAMMING DOWN THE CASTLE DOOR WITH A BATTERING RAM?
BUILD A PORT CULLIS IN FRONT OF THE DOOR AND MAKE THE DOOR HIGHER UP
HOW WOULD YOU STOP PEOPLE FROM CLIMBING UP THE SEIGE TOWER AND THEN OVER THE WALL?
BUILD A MOAY AROUND THE WALL TO STOP PEOPLE FROM CLIMBING UP THE SEIGE TOWER
HOW WOULD YOU STOP CANONS DEMOLISHING CORNERS OF THE BRICK CASTLE SO THEY WILL COLLAPSE?
BUILD ROUND TOWERS
IN WHAT YEAR DID KING JOHN COME TO THE TROWN?
1199
IN WHAT YEAR WAS JOHN DEFEATED BY THE FRENCH KING. ALSO IN THIS YEAR ENGLAND LOST NORMANDY AND ANJOU?
1202
WHAT HAPPENED IN 1206?
ALL ENGLISH LANDS IN FRANCE HAD BEEN LOST. JOHN AND THE POPE DISAGREED ON WHO SHOULD BECOME THE ARCH BISHOP OF CANTERBURY
BETWEEN WHAT DATES DID THE BARONS HAVE TO PAY SCUTAGE (TAX). (KING JOHN HAD MADE THIS A TAX TO BE PAID EVERY YEAR)?
1204-1215
BETWEEN WHAT YEARS DID THE POPE CLOSE DOWN ALL OF THE CHURCHES AND BECAUSE OF THIS NOONE COULD GET MARRIED OR BURRIED IN HOLY GROUND?
1208-1209
WHAT YEAR WAS JOHN THROWN OUT OF THE CHURCH BY THE POPE?
1209
WHAT YEAR DID JOHN FAIL TO WIN BACK THE LANDS IN FRANCE AFTER THE BATTLE OF BOUVINES?
1214
WHAT HAPPENED TO KING JOHN IN 1216?
HE DIED
WHAT YEAR DID KING JOHN SIGN THE MAGNA CARTA?
1214
WHERE DID JOHN SIGN THE MAGNA CARTA?
IN RUNNYMEDE
WHY DID THE BARONS GET MAD WITH KING JOHN?
1. HE RAISED THE TAXES THEY HAD TO PAY
2. HE LOST BATTLE AFTER BATTLE
3. THE CHURCHES GOT CLOSED DOWN SO NO EVENTS COULD BE HELD THERE
WHAT DOES THE 'MAGNA CARTA' MEAN?
GREAT CHARTER
NAME 2 THINGS THE MAGNE CARTA SAYS
1. THE CHURCH HAD THE SAY IN WHO GOT THE CHURCH POSITIONS WITH POWER. TE KING WAS NOT ALLOWED TO KEEP ON DEMANDING MORE AND MORE MONEY FROM HIS NOBILITY
2. EVERYONE SHOULD HAVE THE RIGHT TO A FAIR TRIAL
WHAT WERE FOREIGERS ALSO KNOWN AS IN MEDIEVAL TIMES?
ALIENS
WHY DID PEOPLE THINK JOHN WAS BAD?
ONLY MONKS WHO WROTE THE RECORDS DISLIKED HIM AFTER HIS QUARREL WITH THE CHURCH
DID JOHN DO ANY GOOD THINGS?
1. HE WAS A GOOD AND FAIR JUDGE IN COURT CASES
2. HE WAS UNLUCKY
3. HE AGREED TO SIGN THE MAGNA CARTA
4. HE WAS GOOD AT EFFICIENT RUNNING OF THE COUNTRY: SET UP A 'CHANCELLERY'