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15 Cards in this Set

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Henry Highland Garnett
A black abolitionist who opposed the American Colonization Society's plan to banish blacks from the US and help found the abolitionist societies.
David Walker
Boston businessman and free black who published the "Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World" in which he demanded media universal abolition and told blacks to use , if neccessary, to obtain it.
Fredrick Douglass
A fugitive slave from Maryland, he was the first runaway slave to speak publically against slavery. He wrote an autobiography called "Narrative of the Life of Fredrick Douglass" in 1845. In 1847, he began the newspaper "The North Star" and supported abolition.
Sojourner Truth
She was an ex-slave from New York who preached on the streets of New York City after fleeing from slavery. In 1843, she had a religious vision and changed her name from Isabella Baumfree to Sojourner Truth. She then traveled through New England preaching abolition and women's rights.
Dred Scott
A slave from John Emerson, who in 1846, after Amerson's , sued for his freedom. The Supreme Court ruled that all slaves had no freedoms.
Booker T. Washington
He was a former slave who founded the Alabama Tuskegee Institute in 1881. He believed African Americans should concentrate on economic advancements.
W.E.B. Dubois
He graduated from Fisk Univeristy in Tenn. and studied German History at Harvard. He was the 1st African American to earn a doctorate from Harvard. he was a professor at Atlanta University until 1910. He wrote the book, "The Souls of Black Folk" in the 1920s and organized pan-African congresses. In 1961, he became a Communist and moved to Ghana.
Ida Wells Barnett
Born to a slave family in 1862. She lost her teaching job when she began protesting segregated schools. She was part owner of the "Memphis Freespeech" newspaper. She organized anti-lynching societies. In 1895, she published "A Red Record" about linching.
Marcus Garvey
Native of jamaica. Founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association in 1914. He had two main goals which were black econ. independence and an African Homeland. He founded the Black Star steamship company which failed.
A. Philip Randolph
He threatened to launch a campaign of civil disobedience if the military remained segregated in the late 1940's.
Mary Mclead Bethune
She attended the Moody Bible Institute in Chicago. In 1904, she founded a primary school for black s in Florida, which became the Bethune-Cookman College. She was involved with the NAACP and the Urban League. In 1935, she organized the National Council of Negro Women. Eleanor Roosevelt appointed her to work with the NYA.
Thurgood Marshall
In Brown v. Board of Edu. in Topeka, he proved segregation in schools psychologically damaged black students and he won. He was a lawyer for the NAACP and became a supreme court justice.
Ella Baker
Civil rights activist. She founded the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). She was the 1st national director of the Young Negros Cooperative League. She worked with the Works Proress Administration. She was the/a director of/in the NAACP and helped organize the Southern Christian Leadership Conference.
James Meredith
Was admitted to the University of Mississippi and Kennedy provided federal protection for him. He attended classes with armed guards because of a riot.
Jesse Jackson
He ran for president in 1984. In 1988, he tried for the Democratic nomination. He had a goal to attract all races, classes, and creeds, but did not get nominated. He opposed the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).