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51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which is not an achievement of the Indians of North America in the thousands of years before Columbus's arrival?
people in present-day Arizona constructed a large circle of red-earthen boulders.
A significant outcome of the Portuguese arrival in West Africa was:
an expansion of Africa's internal slave trade.
Which of the following series of events is listed in proper sequence?
Cortes's conquest of the Aztecs; Las Casas's Destruction of the Indies; Spanish abolition of Indian enslavement
The English government in the seventeenth century was:
a mixed government in which the power of the king was restrained.
Which of the following European countries did not have a colonial presence in seventeenth-century North America?
Germany
At the time of first contact between Europeans and Native Americans, Native Americans had not developed:
wheeled transportation.
On the eve of the colonization of the New World, which was not the case in Europe?
Drinking alcoholic beverages was against the law.
Which was not a characteristic of American Indians?
There were four different tribes in the Americas
Which of the following was not a significant motivation behind European colonization in the New World?
the spread of democracy to the Americas
The oldest site in the present-day United States to be continuously inhabited by Europeans is:
St. Augustine, Florida.
Which was not a means by which Cortez conquered the Aztecs?
He bombarded the Aztec capital from his Spanish galleons.
Which was not a characteristic of "couverture"?
Children became the property of the state upon a husband's death.
The first African slaves were transported to the New World in what year?
1502
In the 1500s and 1600s, the Spanish in Central and South America relied on many of which of the following groups to work fields and mines?
Indians
Which was not expressed by Bartolome de Las Casas in A Very Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indes in 1552?
He believed that Indians ought to be allowed to continue to practice their native faiths as a true sign of Christian love and toleration.
The freedom of a Christian man or woman meant/means:
subservience, submission, and servitude to God
In European exploration, conquest, and colonization of the New World after 1492, all of the following EXCEPT _________ were true:
Europeans brought with them a broad-ranging tolerance for others' viewpoints; kindness and tolerance being the mark of civilized peoples.
Which of the following was a characteristic or action of the Pueblo Indians of the Southwest?
They diverted the Colorado River as part of their ritualistic ancestor-worship.
Which of the following was not a prominent cultural belief among Indian societies of North America?
Only holders of property should take part in tribal governance.
Which of the following was not a notable feature of sixteenth-century Spanish America?
The Spanish crown took little interest in the administration of colonial affairs.
Which of the following was not a feature of Native American civilization prior to the voyages of Columbus?
Large cities were unknown to the Americas.
The chief goal of fifteenth-century Portuguese expansion was:
the establishment of a trading empire in Asia.
Which was not an aspect of Native American religious beliefs?
Their written religious text was called the Wicca.
Of the ten million people who crossed the Atlantic Ocean to settle in the Americas in the 328 years from 1492 to 1820 most were white Europeans.
False
In 1493, the Catholic Pope, Alexander VI, divided all the Americas between Spain and Britain.
False
Horses, cows, pigs, and sheep were unknown to the Americas until Europeans brought them there.
True
In 1537, Pope Paul III decreed Indian slavery ended, but not African slavery.
True
When Columbus first sailed to America in 1492, Christian Europe was entirely Catholic; twenty-five years later, following Martin Luther's 95 theses, the Protestant Reformation had begun, and Europe was thrown into more than a hundred years of Christian religious wars.
True
In 1492 the population of Europe was greater than that of the Americas.
False
Small-scale slavery in which Indians enslaved other Indians existed in Indian society.
True
The Pueblo Revolt of 1680 was swiftly crushed by Spanish authorities.
False
The trans-Atlantic voyages of Columbus were sponsored by Spain, which had just achieved its own territorial unification.
True
When the author, Eric Foner, uses the term "unfree labor" he refers to those persons who were performing work not for free as volunteers, but for wages.
False
Little contact existed among the diverse Indian societies of North America.
False
Colonial America was a hierarchical society in which some European colonists were indentured servants, Indians were held in forced labor, and Africans were slaves.
True
At the time of first contact with the Europeans, perhaps 12,000,000 people lived in the Inca kingdom.
True
At the time of Portugal's Atlantic exploration, the economies of West Africa were organized chiefly around slavery.
False
To justify their colonial ventures, Spain invoked the threat of Protestantism.
True
On the eve of colonization of the Americas, freedom in Europe was framed in hierarchical, top-down terms, each level of society enjoying its own degree of freedom.
True
The Aztecs lived in a peaceful, non-violent society.
False
Europeans in the 1500s held firmly to the view that all men are created equal.
False
A strong immunity to European diseases strengthened Indian resistance to the conquistadors.
False
Before Europeans arrived in the New World, Native Americans were without extensive trading networks, irrigation systems, or large cities.
False
After four trips across the Atlantic, Columbus recognized he had not reached Asia.
False
New Netherland extended all the way down from Quebec to the lower Mississippi Valley.
False
Most Indian tribes were matrilineal.
True
Africans enslaved other Africans long before the arrival of European traders.
True
Most European men in the 1500s owned property and could vote.
False
Spanish settlers in the New World comprised a mix of laborers and soldiers, priests and bureaucrats, craftsmen and professionals.
True
During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries all European nations had established churches, and religious wars between nations (and sometimes within them) were fierce.
True
Perhaps 80 million Native Americans died in the century and a half following first contact in consequence of diseases carried by Europeans.
True