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40 Cards in this Set

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human-made object, such as a tool, weapon or piece of jewelry
artifact
Old Stone Age
Paleolithic Age
member of a group that has no permanent home; wanders from place to place
nomad
period in human history during which people began using bronze rather than copper or stone
Bronze Age
a city and its surrounding lands
city-state
belief in many gods
polytheism
divine approval; thought to be the basis of royal authority
Mandate of Heaven
wind that shifts in direction at certain times of each year
monsoon
a belief in a single god
monotheism
first 5 books of Hebrew Bible--most sacred writing in Jewish tradition
Torah
process by which a soul is reborn again and again until it achieves perfect understanding
reincarnation
seafaring and trading people that lived on the island of Crete
Minoans
a road in the Persian empire sretching over 1600 mi. from Susa in Persia to Sardis in Anatolia
Royal Road
scholar--made a religion
Confucius
a Greek city-state--fundamental political unit of ancient Greece after about 750 B.C.
polis
military formation of foot soliders--fighting formation
phalanx
great emperor--empire builder
Alexander the Great
traditonal stories told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society
myth
in Rome, political leader given absolute power to make laws
dictator
professional fighters
gladiators
a period of peace and prosperity
Pax Romana
dispersal of the Jews from their homeland in Palenstine
Diaspora
a decline in the value of money, accomplished by a rise in the prices of goods and services
inflation
city that took place of Rome--named after Constantine
Constantinople
the followers of Jesus who preached and spread his teachings
apostles
system of ancient caravan routes across Central Asia along which traders carried silk and other trade goods
Silk Road
land bridge on which the earlier Americans area believed to have migrated from Asia into the Americas
Beringia
cold period
Ice Age
area extending from Central Mexico to Honduras where several of the ancient complex societies of the Americas developed
Mesoamerica
Arabic God
Allah
prophet and founder of Islam
Muhammad
holy book of Islam
Qur'an
supreme political and religious leader in a Muslim government
caliph
principal bishop in the eastern branch of Christianity
patriarch
Cathedral of Holy Wisdom
Hagia Sophia
religious image used by eastern Christians
icon
a Russian emperor
czar
member of a nomadic group that herds domesticated animals
pastoralist
group of people descended from a common ancestor
clan
professional warrior who served as Jap feudal lords
samurai