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183 Cards in this Set

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As Napoleon retreated from Russia, Everyone in Europe broke from their Alliances with Napoleon and joined the
Russians
The four contries that made up the final alliance to defeat Napoleon were
Prussia
Austria
Great Britain
Sweden
October 1813-Napoleons forces and the army of the 4th Coalition met at
Lepitz in Saxony
The 4th Coalition (allies) beat the french and Napoleon retreated into
France
The Allies captured ____ in March 1814
Paris
Napoleon tried to abdicate in favor of his
Son
The 4th coalition granted Napoleon with a ____ & allowed him to retire to the small island of ____.
Pension
Elba
The Allie now began to negotiate a peace treaty at the ____
Congress of Vienna
France was ordered to return to her borders of ____ & the ____ Monarchy was restored.
1792
Bourbon
_____ was now head of this bourbon monarchy.
Louis XVII
He began to make enemies among the
French People
Napoleon escaped from Elba with
1000 men
Napoleon lands in France on
March 15, 1815
When Louis XVII sent troops to capture Napoleon, he faced them saying __"
"If there is one among you who wishes to kill his emporer, he can do so, Here I am"
Napoleon led a triumphant army into ___ on March 20th
Paris
Napoleon leading an army into Paris started a period called __
"100 Days"
After being defeated, escaping exile & forcing an army into paris Napoleon
once again ruled France
Louis XVII Fled to
Brussels
After Louis XVII fled, Napoleon Renounced all claims to
territories
Napoleon was mistake under the command of the ___ __ _______
Duke of Wellington ( The combined armies of Prussia, G.B., and the Netherlands)
These allies once again defeat Napoleon and give him a ____
Humiliating retreat.
Napoleon, for the 2nd time abdicated and the _____ Monarchy returned
Bourbon
After being officially defeated, Napoleon is sent to live in ____
St. Helena
Peace was restored in Europe with the ____
defeat of Napoleon
After Napoleon was living in St. Helena, Europe reached an important _____.
Turning Point
For more then 25 years, the most pwerful influence had been the ____ _____.
French Revolution
As Long as Napoleon ruled France, the gov't of other nations feared that France would export _______ _____.
Political Interest.
Beside Political Interest, other nations feared that France would ____ ___ _______.
Challenge their authority.
Once Napoleon was defeated, European Powers were determined to _____ _____, ____ ____, & ___ ___ __ ____ _ __ ________.
Restore Order, keep peace and squeech the ideas of the Revolution
After 1815 Europen Powers followed policies designed to maintain ____.
stability
Stability could be acheived only by settling ____ & ____ questions arising from the Napoleonic Wars.
Political
Territorial
A conference help in the Austrian capital undertook the setting of these questions
Congress of Vienna
About _____ Diplomats attended the Congress of Vienna.
700
Napoleon's return from exile interrupted the _____ __ ______.
Congress of Vienna
_____ _____, ______, ______, & ______ had done the most defeat to Napoleon.
Great Britain, Austria, Russia & Prussia
Representatives for the Congress of Vienna were :

_________ - foreign secretary - G.B.
_________ - cheif minister - Austria
_________ I - Russia
_________ III - Prussa
Lord Castleraugh
Metternich
Czar Alexander I
Frederick William III
Charles Maurice de Tallyrand played and imporant part of the _____.
Congress of Vienna.
Talleyrand weilded great influence as the Representative of ____.
Louis XVII
The 4 Principles of COngress of Vienna
Legitimacy
Balance of Power
France had to be weakened
Prussia and Russia had to be compensated for their losses
Legitimacy -
former ruling had to be restored
Balance of Power
meant that the nations of Europe had to keep any 1 nation from becoming too powerful
Britain, Austria, Prussia & Russia have to be compensated for their losses:
The naitons that suffered the most at the hands of Napoleon had to be compensated
The two most difficult problems with balancing power concerened _____ & the German ____ __ ____.
Poland
Stone of Saxony
From Prussia's polish territory, Napoleon had created the Grand ____ __ ______.
Duchy of Warsaw.
Napoleon granted the Grand Duchy of Warsaw to the ___ __ ______.
King of Saxony
Great Britain and Austira opposed Russia and Prussia getting the Grand Duchy of Warsaw because they wanted to _____ ______ __ _____ & feared Russia would become too strong.
maintain balance of power
Austria feared Prussia becoming more powerful with the addition of ______.
Saxony
Talleyrand suggested a compromise that settled the argument. Most of what had been the Grand Duchy of Warsaw went to ____ & Prussia for the rest of it.
Russia
The ____________ received the Dutch.
Netherlandsq
The Austrians as compensation gained the _______ _____ _____.
Northerin Italian States, Venetia of Lombardy
Austria also became rulers of Northern Italian States of _____,____, and Tuscany.
Parma
Modena
Russia also gained _____ from Sweden
Finland
Sweden received _____ for fighting against Napoleon.
Norway
Prussia received an are along teh lower ____ River as well as its share of Saxony and Poland.
Rhine
Great Britain did not receive any territory in Europe, but it didg gain possesisions _______.
overseas
Great Britain's gained included islands in the French west Indies and the Mediterranean Island of ____.
Malta
From the Danish, the British Gained ______.
Helgoland
From the Dutch, the British received _______.
Cape Colony
France was 1. ________ and 2. its boundaries were returned to what they had been in 1792.
stripped of its conquests.
Indemnity
Compensation to other nations for damages it had inflicted on them
Reactionaries are ______.
Extremists
The Europeon countries returned to _______ as if nothing ever happened.
absolutism
National feelings began to have such a wisde influence that they became accepted as a basic _____ ____.
political ideal.
The hope for a United italy by Italians was ______.
unsuccessful
Instead of becoming a united Italy, the states were put under a ____ foreign rule.
hated
The majors powers also blocked the desire of the polish people for nation of independance. ____ ____ ____
Reaction, Absolutism, Nationalism
Napoleon had consolidated many of the German states into the 16th _____ ______ of the Rhine.
Member Confederation
States including Prussia formed the ________ Confederation which had 39 members.
German
______ dominated the German confederation.
Austria
The idea of ________ haunted Europe.
Revolution
The Quadruple Alliance was formed by ____,_____,______, and _____.
Austria
Prussia
Russia
Great Britain
The Quadruple Alliance's main purpose was to _______ ______ from dangers by which she may still be menaced".
Garuntee Europe
Revolutionary Movement members of teh Alliance agreed to make sure that France carried out the terms of the ____ _____.
Peace Treaty
Czar Alexander I doubted tat alliances alone could _____ peace and prevent ______.
maintain
revolutions
______ _____ I firmly beleived in an absolute monarchy.
Czar Alexander I
Czar Alexander I beleived that Christain moral principles and a strong sense of duty should _____ monarchs.
guide
ALL RULERS PLEDGE THEMSELVES TO CHRISTIANITY by signing an agreement called the _____ alliance.
holy
All the rulers of Europe signed it except:
1
2 Turksish Sultan
3
1 British King

3 The Pope
Rulers signed the Holy Alliance only to _____.
humor Czar Alexander I, had no intention of carrying it out.
CastleReagh called the Holy Alliance "A ____".
Nonsense
The first of the periodic conferences for the quadruiple alliances met in ____.
1818
Status Quo:
maintaing the balance of power established by the Congress of Vienna
The ______ __ Europe grew out of the Quadruple Alliance.
Concert of
The Concert of Europe lasted until ____>
1848
Status Quo was directed towards
Bourbon Rulers
1815-1845 The Age of ______
Metternich
Reactionaries beleived strongly in an _______ monarchy.
absolute
Metternich beleived in suppressing the ideas of
1. freedom
2. speech
3. religion
4.
press
______ were imprisoned, fine or exiled.
Liberals
Metternich loathed ______ & _______.
liberalism and rationalism
______ Rulers made sure that no revolutionary movemnts would succeed there
Hapsburg.
In France, King Louis XVII moved cautiously in _____ affairs.
domestic
Neither a political nor Scientific Revolution
Industrial
Industrial Revolution resulted in a ____ and ____ transformation of European society.
Social
Economic
The _______ revolution changed teh way goods were produced and people people lived that it completely transformed the world.
Industrial
The industrial revolution changed the world from rural/agricultural to ______/_____.
urban/industrial
The Agricultural Revolution begain in ____ ______.
Great Britain.
Before the 1600s English villages used _______ lands.
common
In the 1600s English farmers began to fence off or _____ these common lands to individual holding.
enclose
Scattered lands formed holdings that were more efficient for ____ ____ farming.
large scale.
The Enclosure Movement continuted into the _____.
1700s
The Enclosure Movement had 2 significant results
1.Wealthy land owners added to their holdings
2.
2. Wealthier farmers didnt need consent to experiment
_______ farmers took upo farming as a business.
Gentleman
Jethro Hill invented the ____ ___ to make it possible to plant seeds in regular rounds.
Seed Drill
Tull also invented the ____ Drawn Cultiator to do this work
Horse
Viscount Charles Townshend found a way for nutrients to _____
replenish
TH found that alternating different kinds of crops would preserve _______ _____
soil fertility.
Townshend's inventiton, called ____ _____ has become a basic principle of modern farming.
Crop Rotation
_____ Ransome made farm labor easier & increased production
Robert
Ransome invented the Iron Plow in place of the _____ Plow
Wooden
Robert Ransome was an American
Blacksmith
Robert Ransome invented an iron plow made in ____ parts
3
Many unemployed farm workers moved to the ____
cities
The industrial revolution followed the _____ revolution
agricultural
Great Britain had what economists call the _____ of _______.
factors of production
The resources necassary for the factors of Production are
1
2
3
land
labow
capital
When economists speak of land they are referring too _____ resources.
all natural
Great Britain had an abundant supply of especially ___ and iron.
coal
Britains excellent harbors _______ trade and its many rivers provided water pweors and inland transportation.
faciliated
The _____ Textile Industry was the 1st industry to undergo merchanization in Great Britain
Cotton
Merchanization meant
the use of automatic machinery that increased production.
In the 1600s, British Business People began importing raw cottoma dn emplying ____ and ____ to make it into cloth
spinners
weavers
This began the _____ System of men and women working in their homes.
Domestic
With all of the improvements, cotton cloth was now _____.
cheaper
In 1701 Great Britain imported _____ million pounds of cotton
one
In 1802 Breat Britain important ____ million pounds of cotton
60
The _____ ____ became a major export of raw cotton to Great Britain.
United States
______ _____ invented the Cotton Gin in 1793 this machine could do the work of 50 people in removing the cotton seed to prepare the cotton for the market
Eli Whitney
With the Cotton gin, Southern US met
the demand of the British and became the Cotton Producation Center__ of the world
_______ drove early machines of the IR although it was a great improvement over human power.
waterpower
Water quantity was liekly to vary with ___
seasons
New Source was found in
steam
James Hagreaves - 1764 invented
spinning jenny
Spinning Jenny produced 8x as much as
spinning wheel
The spinning jenny was named after
James Hagreaves wife
Richard Arkwright - 1769 invented
water frame
Water frames were
large/costly
The ______ ____ opened and this began the modern factory system
spinning mill
Samuel Compton - 1784 invented
spinning mule
Spinning mule now had plenty of thread which caused
weavers to fall behind
John Kay - 1733 invented
flying shuttle
Flying Shuttle allowed weaves to weave faster then
spinners
Edmund Catwrite - 1785 invented
Power Loom
In teh Power Loom 1 person could weave as much cloth as
200 hand operators
Because of the Power Loom ____
the need for faster weaving process was met.
Factors of Production

Land
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
1.Natural Resources
2.Water Sources
3.Forests
4.Minerals
5.Good Harbors
Water sources gave power and ____ transportation
inland
Minerals used were ___ & iron ore.
coal
Good Harbors ____
faciliated trade
Factors of Production

Labor
1.Works Came From Agriculutral Rev.
a.
b.
a. enclosure movement
b. improvemnts in agriculture, new techniques and inventions
Factors of Production

Capital
1.
2.
3.
4.
1.Investment Money
2.Using Investment Money to produce
3.Money Making Items
4.Factory Tools
Factory Tools consisted of
Equipment
Machinery
Factors of Production

Management
1. Britsih abundance didnt..
discourage upper class to work in management positions
Factors of Production

Overseas Colonies
1. Over ___ Colonies
2. ____ markets
3. Buy overproduction
30
huge
Factors of Production

British Navy and Merchant Marine
1.
2.
3.
1. Top in world
2.Trade Interest expan
3. Gave Ind. Needs more
Factors of Production

British Gov't was hand in hand with ____ & _____. Gov't passed laws favorable to ____ interests.
traders & manufacturers
Business
Czar Alexandar I was from
Russia
Frederick WIlliam III was from
Prussia
Metternich was from
Austria
Castlereagh was from
Great Britain
The Ideals of the Revolution were
1
2
3
1 Liberty
2 Equality
3 Fraternity
Stabililty could only be acheived by
settling political and territorial questions
The Congree of Vienna was held in
Austrian capital
The Congress of Vienna began in 1814 when Napoleon was
in exile
Napoleons final defeat was in
Waterloo
Charles Maurice deTalleyrand was the
represntative of deafeated France
As compensation for the Netherlands loss, the Austrains gained the
northern Italian states of Venetia and Lombardy.
Austrain Hapsburgs were the rulers of the northen Italian States of
1
2
3
1 Parma
2 Modena
3 Tuscany
Napoleon had created the Grand Duchy of Warsaw from
Prussia's Polish territory
The Grand Dutchy of warsaw being givin to Russia threatened
the balance of power the Congress of Vienna was trying to keep
______ opposed the arrangement of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw
Austria
_____ had to pay a large Indemnity
France
Switzerland alone retained its ________ government
constitutional
Switzerland had promised to remain ______ in European wars
neutral
Napoleons conquests had resulted in
1
2
1. the spread of new political ideas
2. rise of nationalism
The four allies that finally defeated Napoeleon were
1
2
3
4
Great Britain
Austria
Russia
Prussia
The cheif purpose of the Quadruple alliance was to
discuss common interests and help maintain peace
What grew out of the Quadruple Alliance
Concert of Europe
The Concert of Europe was aimed at
maintaining status quo
______ joined the Quadruple alliance making it the Quintuple Alliance
France
Metternich was a _________
reactionary
________ beleived strongly in an absolute monarchy
Metternich
Liberalism included the importance of self liberties such as...
1. freedom of
2.
3. economic opprotunity
thought
religion