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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
John Quincy Adams
1 out of 4 republicans who ran for president.
*most popular in the East.
*critics said he was "hard as a piece of granite and cold as a lump of rice."
Henry Clay
1 of 4 republicans to run for president.
*was from Kentucky, a western state.
*was Speaker of the House of Representatives.
ppl who supported Adams and his plans for national growth themselves National Republicans but later were called these.
Jackson and his supporters formed this new party
*most support came from frontier farmers and factory workers in the East.
Old Hickory
a nickname for Jackson from his troops because he was as hard and tough as the wood of a hickory tree.
Tariff of Abominations
the highest and hated tariff ever made law passed by Congress in 1828.
John C. Calhoun
led the Souht's fight against the tariff and argued that a state had the right of nullification.
*supported states' rights.
* Jackson's Vice president.
Daniel Webster
in 1830 he attacked the idea of nullification.
*"Liberty and Union, now and forever,one and unseparable."
Nullification Crisis
tense situation created by South Carolina when it declared the tariffs of 1828 and 1832 illegal.
Indian Removal Act
in 1830 this act was passed by Congress.
*it stated taht Native Americans had to move west of the Mississippi
Trail of Trears
the Cherokees and other Indian nations didn't want to move west.
*between 1835 and 1838 the U.S. army forced them to leave at gunpoint.
*about one quarter of the Indians died.
the Seminole Indians were led by this chief and fought against removal.
* battled from 1835-1842.
Seminole War
was costliest battle the U.S. fought to gain Indian lands.
*look at Osceola
Martin Van Buren
Jackson's chosen successor
* he faced the wrost ecnomic crisis the nation had known.
Panic of 1837
causes: 1830s government sold millions of acres of public lands in the West.
speculators borrowed money from state banks.
in 1836 Jackson said ppl can only buy public land with gold and silver.