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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Period of rapid growth in the use of machines in manufactoring and production that began in the mid 1700s.
Industrial Revolution
List 6 inventions that helped make life at home more convenien.
Sewing machines, safty pin, icebox, iron cook stoves, indoor plumbing, and clocks
Most European and Americans were of this profession.
How did John Deere help farmers?
He made a steel plow , which made it easier to dig in the dirt.
The mechanical reaper was developed by?
Cyrus McCormick
The mechanical reaper was developed by?
Cyrus McCormick
Who invented the telegraph?
Samuel F. B. Morse.
How did the mechanical reaper and the steel plow help the midwestern farmer?
Allowed them to plant and harvest huge fields of wheat.
The first major breakthrough of the Industrial Revolution took place in which industry?
The first sucessful steamboat was invented by ________ ______ and its name was the ______.
Robert Fulton/ Clermont
Process developed by Eli Whitney in the 1790s, that called for making each vital part of a machine exactly the same.
Interchangeable parts
Define Lowell System
The use of water powered textile mills that employed unmarried women in the 1800s.
This inventor was responsible for the interchangeable parts ideal.
Eli Whitney
What did the New England region possess that helped industry to grow there?
mills nad fast-flowing rivers to supply power
The growth of which industry led to the first Supreme Court's ruling on commerce between states.
Steamboat shipping
According to Albert Gallation give 3 reasons why the U.S. had few factories.
Abundance of farmland, high price or labor, lack of money for investments.
Define Trade Unions
Workers' organizations that try to improve pay and working conditions.
What was the biggest advantage of steam powered engines in the factories?
build their faactories anywhere.
Define Transportation Revolution.
Rapid growth in the speed and convenience of transportation,in the United Stated this beganin early 1800s.
How did they meet these challenges?
Built faster and more powerful steam locomotives.
What advantage did the new textile machine give Great Britain?
to produce cloth faster and cheaper than other countries could
These 2 inventions used what form of energy?
Steam Engines
Efficient production of large number of identical goods.
Mass production
What replaced water power in the factories?
Steam Power
System developed by Samual Morse's assistant that represented each letter of the alphabet by a certain combination of dots and dashes:used with the telegraph.
Morse Code
Define Gibbons v Ogden
Supreme Court ruling that federal law has priority over- equivelent of interstate commerce.
Why were few mills built in the South.
Investors in the region concentrated on expanded agriculture.
How did Richard Arkwright help make a dramatic change in the textile industry?
patented a large spinning machine, called water frame, that ran on water power
List 3 physical obstacles that railroad engineers and mechanics had to overcome to build the first tracks.
Steep mountains, swift rivers, and tight curves.
Which 2 forms of transportation were inbented during this year.
Steamboat and railroad
Which 2 industries grew as a result of the other?
Telegraph and railroad
Systems developed by Samuel Slater in the mid-1800s in which families were hired as textile workers.
Rhode Island System