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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What was the result of Cabeza de Vaca's journey along the Gulf Coast?
sparked a new interest in the Seven Cities of Cibola (supposedly golden cities)
What were the three things conquistadors fought for?
Gold, glory, and God.
(wanted to be rich, famous,& help Spain spread the Catholic religion)
describe Mercantilism
Parent countries should get rich from their colonies; trade would be a monopoly for the parent country. Nations gained wealth by accumulating precious metals
What was Fray Marcos known for?
he was sent by Coronado to scout; said that he had seen Cibola in New Mexico, but it wasn't true
Which Spaniard explored the Gulf Coast and found Florida?
Juan Ponce DeLeon
What did the Line of Demarcation do for Spain in the New World?
gave Spain the rights to most of North and South America
(Portugal got very little)
Describe the haciendas.
large, self-sufficient estates; Indian tenants worked the land for the owners. Indians received part of the produce of the hacienda
What areas did the explorer Balboa claim?
the Pacific Ocean for Spain (by crossing Panama)
What did the legend of Quetzalcoatl and Indian allies help Cortes achieve?
capture the Aztec capital (Tenochtitlan); conquered the Aztecs
What area did the explorer Magellan claim?
he went all the way around the globe; Strait of Magellan at the tip of S. America
What were the results of the Spanish conquest of Mexico?
mixing of Spanish and Indian cultures; New World became mostly Spanish speaking and Catholic
What did Pizarro do, and how did he do it?
conquered the Inca (in Peru) by tricking and killing their leader (Atahualpa)
What areas did the explorer Cabral claim?
part of S. America which became Brazil (for Portugal)
What group of people went with conquistadors in the 1500's to spread Christianity?
Where did De Soto explore?
the Southeast; he was the first European to see the Mississippi from the interior
Where was the center of government for New Spain?
Mexico City
What happened after Indians drove the Spanish from New Mexico in 1680?
The Spanish discovered the natural resources of Texas
What was Cabrillo known for?
he explored California coastline (San Diego Bay)
What was Estavanico known for?
was with Cabeza de Vaca and later as a guide to Coronado
What was Onate known for?
he founded El Paso; he explored Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas (his colonists founded Santa Fe)
Where did Ponce de Leon explore?
Gulf Coast and Florida (he looked for the Fountain of Youth)
describe missions
always consisted of the mission church and clergy; a presidio or fort, and barracks for soldiers; and a town of farmer/settlers
describe haciendas
estates + the house on the estate; house would be built around a courtyard; usually a well for water in the courtyard
describe towns/cities
built around a square or plaza with the church being the main building; streets formed a "grid" around the plaza
describe the road system
The King's Highway or
El Camino Real; like a wagon-wheel with Mexico City at the hub
Describe the system of social classes in New Spain
top classes were Spanish officials (born in Spain); Creoles were Spanish but born in New Spain; Mestizos were a middle and labor class of Spanish & Indian heritage; Indians and Slaves were the lower classes
Who was the first person to realize that South America was actually a new continent?
Amerigo Vespucci
Which parts of the New World belonged to Spain by the 1700's?
most of S. America, Mexico and Central America, the Caribbean, Florida, Texas, New Mexico, and California
Where did Coronado explore?
interior areas of N. America (Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas)